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Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases

2019 Vol.27, No.12 Published:20 December 2019

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ZHENG Jiawei,ZHAO Zeliang

2019 Vol.27(12): 749–756    [Abstract] ( 49 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 17 )   [PDF 969 KB ]( 46 )

ZENG Sujuan,PENG Bo,CHENG Weidong,WEI Dongfeng,HUANG Wenyan,LI Yunyang,ZHAO Wanghong

2019 Vol.27(12): 757–762    [Abstract] ( 49 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 11 )   [PDF 2749 KB ]( 32 )

XIAO Xiaofen,HE Shandan,CHEN Yongyi,WU Xiaoyun,ZHENG Yuyan

2019 Vol.27(12): 763–768    [Abstract] ( 41 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 7 )   [PDF 1187 KB ]( 40 )

SHEN Jiaoxiang,SU Jingjing,HUANG Wenxia

2019 Vol.27(12): 769–774    [Abstract] ( 41 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 11 )   [PDF 1489 KB ]( 53 )

FENG Ermei,ZHANG Yanxia

2019 Vol.27(12): 775–778    [Abstract] ( 41 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 8 )   [PDF 1045 KB ]( 40 )

CAO Junchuan,ZHANG Song,HAN Jiusong,ZHAO Jianjiang

2019 Vol.27(12): 779–783    [Abstract] ( 37 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 7 )   [PDF 2426 KB ]( 28 )

BUHAILIQIGULI Maimaitituersun,PATIGULI Wusiman,ADILI Moming

2019 Vol.27(12): 784–787    [Abstract] ( 35 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 11 )   [PDF 1777 KB ]( 26 )

JIANG Xue,YANG Qiyuan,LIAO Wen

2019 Vol.27(12): 788–793    [Abstract] ( 33 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 9 )   [PDF 801 KB ]( 26 )

WANG Ye,LIN Xiaoping

2019 Vol.27(12): 794–798    [Abstract] ( 38 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 7 )   [PDF 789 KB ]( 31 )

WANG Min, GE Song

2019 Vol.27(12): 799–803    [Abstract] ( 29 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 8 )   [PDF 889 KB ]( 18 )

WU Qian,WANG Jian,NIU Li,YANG Xue,TANG Xiaolin

2019 Vol.27(12): 804–808    [Abstract] ( 35 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 7 )   [PDF 787 KB ]( 22 )

HUANG Lihuan,JIANG Yingtong,OUYANG Kexiong,WU Lihong,YANG Xuechao

2019 Vol.27(12): 809–812    [Abstract] ( 29 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 11 )   [PDF 772 KB ]( 36 )

QIU Ying,LI Xiangwei

2019 Vol.27(12): 813–816    [Abstract] ( 32 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 10 )   [PDF 772 KB ]( 95 )

ZHENG Jiawei,ZHAO Zeliang

2019 Vol.27(12): 749–756    [Abstract] ( 49 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 17 )   [PDF 969 KB ]( 46 )

The etiology and pathogenesis of hemangiomas and vascular malformations are still unclear and face many challenges in terms of treatment. This article focuses on the etiology and genetic mechanism of common vascular tumors (such as infantile hemangiomas, congenital hemangioma and pyogenic granuloma) and vascular abnormalities (such as sporadic venous malformations, blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome, hereditary cutaneomucosal venous malformations, glomuvenous malformations, verrucous venous malformations, lymphatic malformations, and arteriovenous malformations). Some gene mutations have been identified and established. Several mutations in key proteins in the signaling pathways of endothelial cells (ECs) have been shown to play a major role in the pathogenesis of vascular abnormalities. Mutations in PIK3CA and G-protein coupled receptors were most frequently identified. The detection of genetic or somatic gene mutations is important for elucidating the underlying molecular mechanisms and developing effective therapeutic approaches.

ZENG Sujuan,PENG Bo,CHENG Weidong,WEI Dongfeng,HUANG Wenyan,LI Yunyang,ZHAO Wanghong

2019 Vol.27(12): 757–762    [Abstract] ( 49 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 11 )   [PDF 2749 KB ]( 32 )

Objective To study the effects of hedysarum polybotys saccharides (HPS) and selenizated hedysarum polybotys saccharides (SE-HPS) on the oral squamous cancer cell line SCC25. Methods Different concentrations (0, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200, 400 μg/ml) of HPS and SE-HPS were added to SCC25 cells in the logarithmic growth stage. Cell proliferation was detected by the CCK-8 method, apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry, and apoptosis-related indexes were observed by RT-qPCR and Western blotting. Results The concentrations of HPS and SE-HPS inhibited the proliferation of SCC25 cells. The inhibitory effect of 50 μg/mL HPS and SE-HPS on the proliferation of SCC25 cells was the strongest and was time-dependent. The inhibition effect significantly increased within 48 h, and the effect was achieved after 48 h. At the plateau stage, SE-HPS inhibited the proliferation of SCC25 cells more strongly than HPS (P < 0.05). The results of flow cytometry showed that 50 μg/mL HPS and SE-HPS acted on SCC25 cells for 48 h, and the apoptotic rates were 25.8% and 30.8% respectively. Compared with the control group (0 μg/mL HPS and SE-HPS), the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). RT-qPCR and Western blotting showed that 50 μg/mL HPS and SE-HPS acted on SCC25 cells for 48 h, and the mRNA and protein expression levels of the apoptosis gene Fas/FasL were upregulated. The difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion Both HPS and SE-HPS can inhibit the proliferation of SCC25 oral cancer cells, but SE-HPS is superior to HPS and can induce apoptosis through the Fas/Fasl pathway.

XIAO Xiaofen,HE Shandan,CHEN Yongyi,WU Xiaoyun,ZHENG Yuyan

2019 Vol.27(12): 763–768    [Abstract] ( 41 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 7 )   [PDF 1187 KB ]( 40 )

Objective To study the difference in the flora structure and gene function of dental plaque in caries-free and caries-active preschool children by 16S rRNA sequencing. Methods After oral examination of 96 preschool children aged 3-6 years, they were divided into 3 groups according to their decayed, missing and filled surface (dmfs) index: group CF with no caries (n=31), group ECC with moderate early childhood caries (n=29) and group SECC with severe early childhood caries (n=36). Dental plaques were collected, and DNA was extracted and then underwent metagenomic sequencing by Illumina HiSeq 2 500. The bacterial community structure was analyzed by Qiime. Results A total of 12 phyla, 31 classes, 31 orders, 50 families, 92 genera and 1 104 species were found in the dental plaque samples of the three groups, most of which belonged to 9 dominant genera, including Streptococcus, Veillonella, etc. The microbial diversity of the dental plaques in the three groups was similar (P > 0.05). Veillonella, Lactobacillus, Megasphaera, and Scardovia in the SECC group were significantly higher than those in the other two groups. There was a significant correlation between the decayed, missing and filled surface (dmfs) index and the genus. Bifidobacterium, Veillonella, Lactobacillus had a positive correlation with the dmfs index, while Eikenella had a negative correlation with the dmfs index. Indicator species analysis showed that Atopobium, Veillonella, Megasphaera, Scardovia, Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium had high indicative values in the SECC group. Conclusion There are significant differences in plaque microbiota among preschool children with different caries sensitivities. Veillonella, Megasphaera, Scardovia, Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium and Atopobium may be the indicator genera of severe early children caries.

SHEN Jiaoxiang,SU Jingjing,HUANG Wenxia

2019 Vol.27(12): 769–774    [Abstract] ( 41 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 11 )   [PDF 1489 KB ]( 53 )

Objective To study the remodeling of alveolar bone after retraction of the maxillary incisors assisting with micro-implant anchorage in adult patients with maxillary protrusion by CBCT. Methods Forty patients who were treated with extraction of the maxillary first premolars with microimplant anchorage meeting the inclusion criteria were selected. The CBCT data before and after treatment were collected, and the Dolphin Imaging 3D measurement software was used to measure and analyze the height and thickness of the alveolar bone of the 80 upper central incisors and the 80 lateral incisors. Results After retraction of the incisors assisting with microimplant anchorage, the labial alveolar bone height of the maxillary central incisors decreased (0.11 ± 0.33) mm, and the lingual alveolar bone height of the maxillary central incisors decreased (0.85 ± 1.23) mm. The labial alveolar bone height of the maxillary lateral incisors decreased (0.18 ± 0.42) mm, and the lingual alveolar bone height of the maxillary lateral incisors decreased (1.13 ± 1.14 ) mm. The reduction in the lingual alveolar bone height was greater than that of the labial side, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The labial alveolar bone thickness of the maxillary central incisors increased (the root cervix, the root media and the root apex), and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.001). The labial alveolar bone thickness of the maxillary lateral incisors also increased (P < 0.05), while the lingual alveolar bone thickness and the total alveolar bone thickness of the maxillary central and lateral incisors decreased (P < 0.001). Conclusion In adults with maxillary protrusion, the microimplant was used to assist the reduction of the anterior teeth. The alveolar bone height of the maxillary incisors was reduced, and the palatal alveolar bone height decreased more than that of the labial side. The alveolar bone of the labrum was thickened, and the palatal alveolar bone thickness and the total alveolar bone thickness of the maxillary incisors were reduced after treatment.

FENG Ermei,ZHANG Yanxia

2019 Vol.27(12): 775–778    [Abstract] ( 41 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 8 )   [PDF 1045 KB ]( 40 )

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of CAD/CAM glass-ceramic onlays in molars with complicated oblique crown fracture within 3.0 mm subgingival. Methods Fifty-six molars from 56 patients with complicated oblique crown fracture within 3.0 mm subgingival were recruited after endodontic treatment and divided into 2 groups according to the restorative methods used. The glass-ceramic onlays group was restored with CAD/CAM glass-ceramic onlays, while the all-ceramic crown group received CAD/CAM all-ceramic crowns. The success rates of the restorations were analyzed, and the sulcus bleeding index (SBI), plaque index (PLI), and gingival index (GI) were recorded at the prerestoration and postrestoration stages. Results After one year of follow-up, the success rate of the glass-ceramic onlay group was 96.4%, and the success rate of the all-ceramic crown group was 92.9%. The difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). No differences in SBI, PLI, or GI were found between the glass-ceramic onlay group and the all-ceramic crown group (P > 0.05). Conclusion Compared with all-ceramic crowns, CAD/CAM glass-ceramic onlays can be used as the choice of restoration for molar crowns with within 3.0 mm subgingival oblique fracture.

CAO Junchuan,ZHANG Song,HAN Jiusong,ZHAO Jianjiang

2019 Vol.27(12): 779–783    [Abstract] ( 37 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 7 )   [PDF 2426 KB ]( 28 )

Objective To explore the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of synovial chondroma in the temporomandibular joint and to provide a reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment. Methods A case of right temporomandibular joint synovial chondromatosis admitted to the Stomatological Hospital, Southern Medical University was reported, and the related literature was reviewed and analyzed. Results During the movement of the mandibular opening, noise and obvious pain were found. The imaging features showed that several free calcification shadows of different sizes were seen around the condyle in the right articular fossa. The right temporomandibular joint mass resection and articular disc reduction were performed under general anesthesia, and the postoperative pathological results showed synovial chondromatosis. The patient′s symptoms were relieved 3 months after the surgery, and the imaging examination showed no residual lesions. A review of the literature shows that synovial chondromatosis usually occurs in large joints, such as the knee, hip, elbow, and shoulder joints, and rarely occurs in the temporomandibular joint. It occurs in middle-aged patients, manifesting as pain, swelling, and limited movement. Imaging studies play an important role in diagnosis, but the final diagnosis requires pathological diagnosis. Surgical treatment is effective, and synovial chondromatosis does not easily relapse. Conclusion The diagnosis of TMJ synovial chondroma should be combined with clinical manifestations, imaging features, and pathological examination. Surgery is an effective treatment. After completely removing the diseased and affected tissues, the disease has a good prognosis and does not easily relapse.

BUHAILIQIGULI Maimaitituersun,PATIGULI Wusiman,ADILI Moming

2019 Vol.27(12): 784–787    [Abstract] ( 35 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 11 )   [PDF 1777 KB ]( 26 )

Objective To explore the clinical, imaging and pathological characteristics of mandibular peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumors, and to review relevant literature to improve the understanding and diagnosis of pPNET in mandible. Methods The clinical and imaging features, pathological examination, treatment and prognosis of a case of mandibular pPNET diagnosed and treated at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University were observed, and analyzed a literature review. Results The patient′s clinical manifestations were an enlarged mass of the mandible, hard texture, unclear borders, involving loose teeth, and numbness of the lower lip; CT and MRI showed osteolytic and aggressive growth patterns. The mandibular tumor was resected and the mandibular partial truncated resection was performed on the titanium plate. Postoperative pathological sections showed small round cell tumors under HE staining and Vimentin and Fli-1 were positive, and the pathological diagnosis was pPNET. The patient did not undergo chemoradiotherapy after surgery and died of tumor recurrence after 9 months of follow-up. A review of the relevant literature revealed that pPNETs are a group of small round cell tumors, which are more common in children and adolescents. pPNETs have a high degree of malignancy, a short course of disease and fast metastasis. The main route of metastasis is through the blood circulation. Most patients die within 2 years, the 3-year survival rate is only 30%, and the 5-year survival rate is less than 10%. Imaging is generally nonspecific; therefore, pPNETs are easily misdiagnosed. The final tumor type is determined by pathological HE staining and immunohistochemical characteristics. Current treatment methods are mainly complete surgical resection combined with postoperative radiotherapy and chemotherapy, but it is critical to provide individualized treatment to patients when necessary. Conclusion pPNETs have a high degree of malignancy, easy recurrence and poor prognosis, so early diagnosis and treatment are extremely important.

JIANG Xue,YANG Qiyuan,LIAO Wen

2019 Vol.27(12): 788–793    [Abstract] ( 33 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 9 )   [PDF 801 KB ]( 26 )

Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia, often accompanied by bone metabolic disorders, microvascular diseases, etc. At present, it is still controversial whether diabetes will reduce the survival rate of implants, but studies have shown that diabetes can damage the bone tissue around the implants and interfere with the process of osseointegration by producing excessive reactive oxygen species(ROS). In this paper, combined with the literature published worldwide in recent years, the effect and mechanism of ROS on the osteointegration of implants of diabetic patients and the measures to improve the osteointegration under the condition of diabetes are reviewed. The results of literature review showed that excessive ROS induced by diabetes can damage osseointegration through adenosine 5′-monophosphate -activated protein kinase, Wnt/catenin, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-protein kinase B, mitogen activated protein kinase and other signaling pathways, as well as vascular injury. In animal models of diabetes, some drugs, such as insulin, curcumin, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, and metformin, have been shown to improve the osseointegration of implants to some extent by reducing ROS levels. These results suggest that ROS may be a key therapeutic target for improving success rate of dental implant treatment in diabetic patients.

WANG Ye,LIN Xiaoping

2019 Vol.27(12): 794–798    [Abstract] ( 38 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 7 )   [PDF 789 KB ]( 31 )

Periodontitis is a chronic infectious disease of periodontal tissue caused by plaque biofilm. Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease characterized by low bone density and the microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissues, which leads to increased bone fragility and risk of fracture. Recent studies have indicated that there is a certain relationship between periodontitis and osteoporosis. This paper reviews the epidemiology, shared risk factors, and potential mechanisms of mutual impact between the two diseases. A literature review shows that periodontitis and osteoporosis can affect each other, and the RANKL-RANK-OPG pathway as well as a variety of cytokines and hormones involved in bone remodeling and inflammation are involved in both diseases. Common risk factors for periodontitis and osteoporosis include aging, vitamin D and calcium deficiency, and smoking, but further research is needed to determine the specific mechanism of interaction between periodontitis and osteoporosis.

WANG Min, GE Song

2019 Vol.27(12): 799–803    [Abstract] ( 29 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 8 )   [PDF 889 KB ]( 18 )

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory and destructive disease of periodontal support tissue initiated by plaque microorganisms, and its pathogenesis and progression are closely related to the immune response of the host, in which T cells play an important role in the periodontitis immune response. This article will start with the T cell immune response and the characteristics of the T cell receptor complementarity-determining region 3 (TCR CDR3) spectrum and will review the relationship between the characteristics of the TCR CDR3 spectrum and the pathogenesis of periodontitis to provide some new ideas for the studies of pathogenesis and the clinical personalized treatment of periodontitis. The study on the TCR CDR3 spectrum of periodontitis by reviewing the literature suggests that there is an oligoclonal accumulation of T cells and biased access of Variable (V) and Joining (J) genes in local lesions of periodontitis; moreover, the repeated use of nucleotide sequences and a conservative amino acid motif were found in the CDR3 region, which suggests that the characteristics of the TCR CDR3 group library play an important role in the immune pathogenesis of periodontitis.

WU Qian,WANG Jian,NIU Li,YANG Xue,TANG Xiaolin

2019 Vol.27(12): 804–808    [Abstract] ( 35 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 7 )   [PDF 787 KB ]( 22 )

Vitamin D is an essential nutrient in the body. In recent years, increasing attention has been paid to its role in regulating immunity and anti-inflammatory effects. However, the application of vitamin D in vivo may produce some side effects, such as hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria. Some analogs of vitamin D obtained through molecular modification can reduce the side effects while retaining a similar regulatory action as that of vitamin D. The supplementation of vitamin D or the use of vitamin D analogs may contribute to the prevention and treatment of immune inflammatory diseases. This article reviews the role of vitamin D and its analogues in the prevention and treatment of oral mucosal diseases and periodontal diseases. The literature review results show that vitamin D and its analogues can protect the integrity of the oral mucosal barrier, prevent or delay the occurrence of oral lichen planus, and provide a reference value for the prevention and treatment of periodontitis.

HUANG Lihuan,JIANG Yingtong,OUYANG Kexiong,WU Lihong,YANG Xuechao

2019 Vol.27(12): 809–812    [Abstract] ( 29 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 11 )   [PDF 772 KB ]( 36 )

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common oral cancer. Previous studies have found significantly high miR-155 expression in OSCC. However, the mechanism by which miR-155 plays a role in OSCC oncogenesis is not yet clear. This article reviews the function of the relationship between miR-155 and tumors and the potential role of miR-155 in the development of OSCC. A literature review showed that mir-155, as a small carcinogenic RNA, can inhibit CDC73, BCL6, P27Kip1 and other target genes that play a role in cancer inhibition; promote the proliferation, migration and invasion of OSCC cells; and inhibit apoptosis. miR-155 can also be combined with biological factors (Epstein-Barr virus, human papillomavirus) to promote the development of OSCC.

QIU Ying,LI Xiangwei

2019 Vol.27(12): 813–816    [Abstract] ( 32 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 10 )   [PDF 772 KB ]( 95 )

Crown pulp regeneration is a method to replace the pulp-capping agent with stem cells and scaffold structures, which are placed on the section of healthy root pulp tissue after pulpotomy to regenerate the pulp-dentin complex in the crown. This paper reviews the significance, physiological basis, application and challenges of crown pulp regeneration to provide new ideas for the study of pulp regeneration. The results of a literature review show that the combination of traditional pulpotomy, stem cell biology and tissue engineering, as well as the regeneration of crowns and pulp by using the tissue repair potential of healthy root pulp can effectively promote the regeneration of dentin and parts of pulp. In recent years, with the development of research on pulp regeneration, many challenges have been gradually revealed. It is necessary not only to select the treatment methods that can promote the proliferation and differentiation of dental pulp stem cells safely and effectively but also to continue to explore the scaffold materials suitable for the structural and functional diversity of the pulp chamber.

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