口腔疾病防治 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (1): 44-45.doi: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2016.01.010

所属专题: 111

• 防治实践 • 上一篇    下一篇

2种窝沟封闭术预防儿童龋病的效果评价

刘芳   

  1. 武汉科技大学附属武汉市普仁医院口腔科,湖北 武汉(430081)
  • 收稿日期:2015-02-13 出版日期:2016-01-20 发布日期:2016-01-20
  • 通讯作者: 刘芳,主治医师,本科, Email:cdx690311@sina.com

Clinical assessment of two fissure sealant techniques in children’s dental caries prevention

LIU Fang   

  1. Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430081, China
  • Received:2015-02-13 Online:2016-01-20 Published:2016-01-20
  • Contact: LIU Fang, Email: CDX690311@sina.com, Tel: 0086-27-86365570

摘要: 目的 比较窝沟釉质成形术和常规窝沟封闭术预防儿童龋病的临床效果。方法 随机选择6.0~8.5岁牙齿健康儿童50人,共82对第一恒磨牙(同颌的左、右侧第一恒磨牙为1对),采用自身对照方法,右侧第一恒磨牙用窝沟釉质成形封闭术(A组),左侧第一恒磨牙用常规窝沟封闭术(B组)。封闭术后1年、2年、3年后复查,评价两种窝沟封闭术的疗效。结果 封闭术后1年、2年、3年龋病发生率A组分别为2.5%、3.9%、5.7%,B组分别为2.5%、10.4%、15.7%,2组封闭术后2年和3年的龋病发生率差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论 和常规窝沟封闭术相比,窝沟釉质成形封闭术对预防儿童龋病具有更好的远期临床疗效。

关键词: 儿童龋病预防; 窝沟釉质成形封闭术; 常规窝沟封闭术

Abstract: Objective To compare clinical effects of children’s dental caries prevention with enameloplasty sealant technique (EST) and traditional fissure sealant technique. Methods 50 children with healthy teeth were selected randomly ,from the age of 6 to 8.5 years old and to tally 82 pairs of first molars were included (different sides of the same jaw was considered as a pair). In a self-control study, the right side was treated through enameloplasty sealant technique (group A), the left side was cured with traditional fissure sealant technique (group B). According to follow-up visit after 1 year, 2 years and 3 years, the Results of two sealant techniques were evaluated. Results The incidence of group A was 2.5%, 3.9%, 5.7% from 1-3 years, whereas the incidence of group B was 2.5%, 10.4% and 15.7%. No significant statistic difference was shown in the first year. However significant statistic difference was illustrated in the second and third year (P<0.05). Conclusion For preventing dental caries in children, enameloplasty sealant technique showed a better long-term clinical effect.

Key words: Children’s dental caries prevention; Enameloplasty sealant technique; Traditional fissure sealant technique

中图分类号: 

  • R780.1