口腔疾病防治 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (8): 491-494.DOI: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2016.08.012

• 防治实践 • 上一篇    下一篇

潮州市15~17岁学生口腔健康知识及行为调查

蔡昀1,张树英1,林焕彩2()   

  1. 1. 潮州市中心医院口腔科,广东 潮州(521021)
    2. 中山大学光华口腔医学院口腔预防医学教研组,广东 广州(510055)
  • 收稿日期:2016-03-08 修回日期:2016-05-05 出版日期:2016-08-20 发布日期:2016-08-20
  • 通讯作者: 林焕彩
  • 作者简介:蔡昀,住院医师,硕士, Email: 693224522@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(30872875)

A survey on oral health knowledge and behaviors of 15 to 17 years old students in Chaozhou

Yun CAI1,Shu-ying ZHANG1,Huan-cai LIN2()   

  1. 1. Chaozhou Central Hospital, Chaozhou 521021, China
    2. Department of Dental Public Health, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510055, China
  • Received:2016-03-08 Revised:2016-05-05 Online:2016-08-20 Published:2016-08-20
  • Contact: Huan-cai LIN

摘要:

目的 探讨潮州市15~17岁学生对口腔健康知识的了解情况及其口腔健康行为,为口腔卫生保健工作提供信息支持。方法 采用分层整群随机抽样的方法,按照样本纳入标准抽取潮州市15~17岁学生933名进行问卷调查。所使用问卷参照第四次全国口腔健康流行病学调查问卷,结合本课题研究目的设计。问卷内容包括:人口统计学和社会学资料、口腔健康知识和口腔健康行为。对问卷调查资料进行分析。结果 仅13.1%的学生认同“窝沟封闭可保护牙齿”。女生(t = 5.198)、父亲受教育程度较高者(t = 2.667)口腔健康知识得分较高(P < 0.01)。刷牙频率与年龄和性别相关,年龄较大者(χ 2= 23.002)和女生(χ 2 = 98.722)每天刷牙2次或以上的比例较高(P < 0.001)。75.2%的学生不知道自己使用的牙膏是否含氟,91.5%的学生没有使用过牙线。口腔科就诊经历在性别(χ 2= 16.406)和母亲受教育程度(χ 2= 12.566)方面的差异具有统计学意义(P < 0.01)。 结论 潮州市15~17岁学生口腔健康知识及行为需要积极改善,男生、低年龄组和父母受教育程度低者是重点教育对象。

关键词: 口腔健康知识, 口腔健康行为, 调查, 学生, 窝沟封闭

Abstract:

Objective To investigate the oral health knowledge and behaviors of 15 to 17 years old students in Chaozhou and provide necessary information for oral health care plans.Methods A questionnaire investigation was conducted among 933 students aged 15-17 years from Chaozhou. They were recruited using stratified cluster random sampling method. The questionnaire was designed on the basis of the questionnaire for the fourth national oral health survey as well as the objectives of the present study. The questionnaire involved a range of questions, including demographic and social information, oral health knowledge and behaviors. Analyses were made for the data of the questionnaire.Results Only 13.1% of students knew that pit and fissure sealant can protect teeth. The girls (t = 5.198) and those whose father had higher education level (t = 2.667) had higher oral health knowledge score (P < 0.01). The frequency of tooth brushing was significantly associated with age (χ 2 = 23.002) and gender (χ 2 = 98.722) (P < 0.001). The girls and those who were older had higher proportions of brushing their teeth twice or more daily. 75.2% of students did not know whether the toothpaste they used contained fluoride or not, and 91.5% of students never used dental floss. The use of dental service was significant associated with gender (χ 2 = 16.406) and their maternal education level (χ 2 = 12.566) (P < 0.01). Conclusion The oral health knowledge and behaviors of 15 to 17 years old students from Chaozhou are needed to be improved actively. Oral health education should be focused on those who are boys and younger, and whose parents have lower education level.

Key words: Oral health knowledge, Oral health behavior, Survey, Students, Pit and fissure sealants

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