口腔疾病防治 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (4): 260-263.DOI: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2019.04.011

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

低龄儿童龋研究进展

李珍珍,刘姗姗,张凯()   

  1. 蚌埠医学院第一附属医院口腔科,安徽 蚌埠(233000)
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-22 修回日期:2018-07-05 出版日期:2019-04-20 发布日期:2019-04-28
  • 通讯作者: 张凯
  • 作者简介:李珍珍,住院医师,硕士,Email:lizhenzhen7150@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    安徽省科学技术厅攻关项目(1804h08020290);安徽省教育厅重点项目(KJ2018A0223)

Research progress on early childhood caries

LI Zhenzhen,LIU Shanshan,ZHANG Kai()   

  1. Department of Stomatology,The First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu 233000, China
  • Received:2018-05-22 Revised:2018-07-05 Online:2019-04-20 Published:2019-04-28
  • Contact: Kai ZHANG

摘要:

龋病是一种以细菌为主的多因素动态感染性疾病,可同时影响乳牙及恒牙的生长。据第四次全国口腔健康流行病学调查, 5岁低龄儿童龋(early childhood caries, ECC)患病率达到70.9%,呈现上升趋势。了解ECC的病因及流行病学特点对预防ECC的发生和发展具有重大意义。本文就ECC的流行状况、病因及相关因素进行简要综述。文献综述结果表明,我国ECC患病率高、地区差异性较大,主要相关因素包括生物学因素、行为习惯因素、社会经济因素等。

关键词: 低龄儿童, 龋, 流行现状, 生物学因素, 行为习惯因素, 社会经济学因素

Abstract:

Caries is a multifactor dynamic infectious disease with bacteria as the main factor and can affect the development of both deciduous teeth and permanent teeth. According to the fourth national oral health epidemiological survey, the prevalence rate of early childhood caries (ECC) in 5-year-old children reached 70.9%, showing an upward trend. Understanding the etiology and epidemiological characteristics of ECC is of great significance in preventing the occurrence and development of ECC. This article reviews the epidemic status, etiology and related factors of ECC. The results of a literature review show that the prevalence of ECC in China is high and regional differences are large. The main related factors include biological factors, behavioral habits factors, social and economic factors, etc.

Key words: Early childhood, Caries, Epidemiology, Biological factors, Behavior habits factors, Socioeconomic factors

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