口腔疾病防治 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (10): 623-629.DOI: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2020.10.002

• 专家论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

眼动仪在口腔医学审美临床中的研究与应用

包柏成(),王茜   

  1. 中山大学光华口腔医学院·附属口腔医院正畸科,广东省口腔医学重点实验室,广东 广州(510055)
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-18 修回日期:2020-04-16 出版日期:2020-10-20 发布日期:2020-09-01
  • 通讯作者: 包柏成
  • 基金资助:
    广东省科技计划项目(20108080701068)

Study and application of an eye tracking technique in dental aesthetics

BAO Baicheng(),WANG Xi   

  1. Department of Orthodontics, Hospital of Stomatology, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Guangzhou 510055, China
  • Received:2019-11-18 Revised:2020-04-16 Online:2020-10-20 Published:2020-09-01
  • Contact: Baicheng BAO

摘要:

眼动仪是一种可以记录人在处理视觉信息时的眼动轨迹特征的仪器,是心理学基础研究的重要仪器。在口腔医学审美研究中,眼动仪能反映观察者客观的审美眼动模式,并揭示背后的审美心理规律,是目前口腔医学审美研究中的热点。本文概述了口腔医学审美的主要研究方法,以眼动探测法为重点,对其在口腔医学审美的前沿研究进行述评。眼动探测法描述了不同口腔相关人群对面孔有着不同的眼动模式规律,以及同一人群观察口腔患者和正常人群面部的不同眼动模式的现象,表明观察者的人格特征、个人经历、所处的社会环境以及被观察对象的特征性面部特点等因素会影响眼动模式,此现象揭示了影响不同个体和人群审美观形成差异的因素和背后的心理机制。

关键词: 口腔颌面部, 美学, 审美心理学, 正畸, 错牙合, 眼动探测法, 问卷法, 功能磁共振, 眼动模式

Abstract:

Eye tracker is an instrument that can record the characteristics of eye movement when people process visual information. This instrument is important for basic psychological research. In the study of dental aesthetics, an eye tracker reflects the observer′s objective eye movement pattern and reveals the underlying aesthetic psychology. This paper summarizes the major research methods of dental aesthetics while focusing on eye-tracking studies in oral aesthetics. Eye tracking studies show that different population has different eye movement patterns when observing the same faces, while the same population can have different eye movement patterns when observing the faces of dental patients and normal people. This finding reveals that the personal characteristics and experience, the social environment and the featured facial structure of the observed individuals can influence eye movement patterns. This study also shows the factors that cause the aesthetic differences among different individuals and groups, as well as the psychological mechanisms.

Key words: oral and maxillofacial, aesthetics, aesthetic psychology, orthodontics, malocclusion, eye tracking technique, questionnaire, functional magnetic resonance imaging, eye movement pattern

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