口腔疾病防治 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (6): 428-432.DOI: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2021.06.012

• 综述 • 上一篇    

影响牙齿美白效果的因素

周美西1(),朱琳虹2()   

  1. 1.宁夏医科大学口腔医学院,宁夏 银川(750003)
    2.宁夏医科大学总医院口腔医院综合科,宁夏 银川(750004)
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-23 修回日期:2020-07-15 出版日期:2021-06-20 发布日期:2021-04-12
  • 通讯作者: 朱琳虹
  • 作者简介:周美西,医师,硕士研究生,Email: 2419994196@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    2020 年宁夏自治区科技惠民计划专项项目(2020CMG03020);宁夏卫生和计划生育委员会卫生计生适宜技术推广项目(201801)

Factors affecting tooth whitening effect

ZHOU Meixi1(),ZHU Linhong2()   

  1. 1. School of Stomatology, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan 750003, China
    2. Department of Stomatology, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan 750004, China
  • Received:2020-04-23 Revised:2020-07-15 Online:2021-06-20 Published:2021-04-12
  • Contact: Linhong ZHU
  • Supported by:
    Special Project of 2020 Autonomous Region Science and Technology Benefit the People Program(2020CMG03020);grants from Promotion Project of Appropriate Technology for Health and Family Planning of Ningxia Health and Family Planning Commission(201801)

摘要:

牙齿美白技术在口腔临床诊疗中的应用日益广泛,以漂白技术为主的非侵入性牙齿美白因其独特的不破坏牙体硬组织的优越性,成为许多牙齿着色患者的选择。不同类型着色牙能达到的美白效果不一样,其中四环素牙的漂白疗效不及氟斑牙。过氧化氢漂白剂与含同等浓度过氧化氢的过氧化脲漂白剂的漂白效果接近,而在过氧化物漂白剂中加入诸如菠萝蛋白酶等无过氧化物试剂能提高牙齿美白效果;低浓度的漂白剂延长作用时间能达到高浓度漂白剂的牙齿美白效果。目前pH值对牙齿美白效果的影响仍存有争议;激光与传统的过氧化物漂白剂结合能有效提高牙齿美白效果;联合牙釉质微研磨与过氧化物牙齿漂白剂能使氟斑牙的美白效果更佳。本综述通过分析牙齿着色原因、漂白剂的性质、激光微研磨的应用及漂白后牙齿组织的改变探讨以漂白技术为主的非侵入性牙齿美白效果的影响因素。

关键词: 牙齿美白, 牙齿漂白, 漂白剂, 过氧化氢, 过氧化脲, pH值, 激光, 釉质微研磨

Abstract:

The application of tooth whitening technology in oral clinical diagnosis and treatment is becoming increasing widespread. Non-invasive tooth whitening based on bleaching technology has become the choice of many patients with tooth discoloration because of its unique advantage of not destroying the hard tissue of the tooth. The whitening effects differ according to the causes and degrees of tooth discoloration The effect of bleaching on tetracycline teeth is not as good as that of fluorosis teeth. The bleaching effect of hydrogen peroxide bleaching agents is similar to that of urea peroxide bleaching agents with the same concentration of hydrogen peroxide. The addition of non-peroxide agents such as bromelain to peroxide bleaching agents can improve the whitening effect on teeth. The whitening effect of a high-concentration bleaching agent can be achieved by using a low-concentration bleaching agent for a prolonged the working time. The effect of pH on tooth whitening is still controversial; the combination of lasers and traditional peroxide bleaching agents can effectively improve the whitening effect of teeth. The combination of enamel micro-grinding and peroxide tooth bleaching agents can improve the whitening effect in cases of dental fluorosis. This review analyzes the causes of tooth staining, the properties of bleaching agents, the application of laser microgrinding and the changes in tooth tissue after bleaching to discuss the influencing factors of the non-invasive tooth whitening effect mainly based on bleaching techniques.

Key words: tooth whitening, tooth bleaching, bleaching agents, hydrogen peroxide, carbamide peroxide, pH value, laser, enamel microabrasion

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