口腔疾病防治 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (2): 105-107.DOI: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2016.02.009

所属专题: 111

• 防治实践 • 上一篇    下一篇

深圳市南山区儿童家长口腔健康素养促进的干预效果评估

李雪琦1,陈思韩2,余红兵2(),张婷2   

  1. 1.深圳市南山区妇幼保健院口腔科,广东 深圳(518052)
    2.深圳市南山区慢性病防治院
  • 收稿日期:2015-06-04 修回日期:2015-09-02 出版日期:2016-02-20 发布日期:2016-02-20
  • 通讯作者: 余红兵
  • 作者简介:李雪琦,副主任医师,本科, Email:pean2468@sina.com
  • 基金资助:
    深圳市科技计划项目(201303191)

Intervention assessment of oral health literacy promotion of children's parents in Nanshan District of Shenzhen

Xue-qi LI1,Si-han CHEN2,Hong-bing YU2(),Ting ZHANG2   

  1. 1Shenzhen Nanshan Maternity & Child Healthcare Hospital Shenzhen 518052, China
  • Received:2015-06-04 Revised:2015-09-02 Online:2016-02-20 Published:2016-02-20
  • Contact: Hong-bing YU

摘要:

目的 评估儿童和家长开展互动式工作坊干预措施对促进深圳市家长口腔健康素养(oral health literacy,OHL)的提高和儿童口腔保健行为(oral health behavior,OHB)改善的效果。方法 比较干预前后工作坊干预组(A组)、平行对照组(B组)和空白对照组(C组)3组家长OHL得分和OHB得分的差异。结果 与基线时相比,3个月后A组家长OHL得分(t=22.369,P<0.001)和儿童OHB得分(t=31.100,P<0.001)均明显上升;B组(OHL:t=1.892,P=0.061;OHB:t=1.965,P=0.052)、C组(OHL:t=1.567,P=0.120;OHB:t=1.591,P=0.114)家长OHL和儿童OHB得分无明显改变。3组间家长OHL(F=131.590,P<0.001)和OHB得分(F=203.784,P<0.001)差异均具有统计学意义,进一步两两比较,A组干预前后家长OHL和儿童OHB得分的差值,与B组及C组比较,差异均有统计学意义。结论 通过对儿童和家长开展互动式工作坊干预促进了家长OHL提高,且儿童OHB得到明显改善。

关键词: 口腔健康素养, 家长, 问卷调查, 儿童, 口腔保健行为

Abstract:

Objective To assess the effectiveness of interactive workshop intervention measures between children and parents inonimproving oral health literacy of parents and oral health behavior of children. Methods We compared OHL and OHB score were compared among intervention group (A), parallel control group (B) and control group (C) before and after intervention. Results Compared with baseline, parents’ OHL score (t=22.369, P<0.001) and OHB scores (t=31.100, P<0.001) of intervention group were significantly increased 3 months later. Whereas parents’ of parallel control group (OHL: t=1.892, P=0.061; OHB: t=1.965, P=0.052), blank control group (OHL: t=1.56, P=0.120; OHB: t=1.591, P=0.114) had no significant changes.there were statistically significant differences among 3 groups of parents’ OHL (F=131.590, P<0.001) and OHB score (F=203.784, P<0.001) . Pairwise comparisons.There were statistically significant differences (P<0.001) between OHL and OHB before and after the intervention. Conclusion Interactive workshops intervention between children and parents can promote parental OHL and children oral health care greatly.

Key words: Oral health literacy, Parent, Questionnaire, Child, Oral health behavior

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