口腔疾病防治 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (12): 729-733.DOI: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2016.12.010

• 防治实践 • 上一篇    下一篇

广东连南瑶族成人龋病流行病学调查

尹志英1(),曾木秀2,冯铁军3,王玉栋3,孟文霞4,黄友凤1   

  1. 1. 连南瑶族自治县人民医院口腔科,广东 清远(513300)
    2. 连南瑶族自治县寨岗中心卫生院口腔科,广东 清远(513325)
    3. 广东药学院附属第一医院口腔科, 广东 广州(510062)
    4. 广东省口腔医院·南方医科大学附属口腔医院,广东 广州(510280)
  • 收稿日期:2015-11-02 修回日期:2016-01-04 出版日期:2016-12-20 发布日期:2016-12-20
  • 通讯作者: 尹志英
  • 基金资助:
    清远市科技计划自筹经费项目(201513126);国家自然科学基金(81500850)

An epidemiological survey on prevalence of caries among adults of Yao in Liannan in Guangdong

Zhi-ying YIN1(),Mu-xiu ZENG2,Tie-jun FENG3,Yu-dong Wang3,Wen-xia MENG4,You-feng Huang1   

  1. 1. Department of Stomatology, Liannan Hospital, Qingyuan 513300, China
    2. Department of Stomatology, Zhaigang Hospital, Qingyuan 513325, China
    3. Department of Stomatology, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong College of Pharmacy, Guangzhou 510062, China
    4. Guangdong Provincial Stomatological Hospital, Guangzhou 510280, China
  • Received:2015-11-02 Revised:2016-01-04 Online:2016-12-20 Published:2016-12-20
  • Contact: Zhi-ying YIN

摘要:

目的 调查广东连南瑶族成人(35~44岁年龄组)龋病流行情况,为连南瑶族地区开展龋病防治措施提供依据。方法 采用多阶段分层等容量随机抽样的方法,抽取连南县城和各乡镇年龄在35~44岁之间的瑶族人720名,进行龋病流行病学调查。结果 连南瑶族成人患龋率为58.33%,乡镇明显高于县城(χ 2= 7.406,P = 0.006);龋均为5.63 ± 4.92,乡镇明显高于县城(u = 2.704, P = 0.007);龋齿充填率为7.20%,县城明显高于乡镇(χ 2 = 33.962,P<0.001);平均失牙数为3.04,乡镇明显高于县城(u = 5.000, P<0.001)。结论 连南瑶族成人龋病的流行病学情况城乡差异显著,且龋齿充填率较低,平均失牙数较高。

关键词: 连南瑶族, 成人, 龋病, 流行病学, 调查

Abstract:

Objective To explore the prevalence of caries among 35-44 years old adults of Yao in Liannan, Northwest of Guangdong, in order to provide basis for the caries prevention. Methods 720 Yao individuals ranged from 35 to 44 years old living in Liannan country and township were selected by multistage stratified random sampling. And then, a cross-sectional survey of caries was carried out. Results The prevalence of caries among Yao adults of Liannan was 58.33%. The prevalence of people living in township was higher than those in country (χ 2 = 7.406, P=0.006). DFT (decay and filled tooth) was 5.63 ± 4.92. DFT of people living in township was higher than those in country (u = 2.704, P = 0.007). The filling rate of caries was 7.20%. The filling rate of people living in country was higher than those in township (χ 2 = 33.962, P<0.001). The average number of missing teeth was 3.04. The people living in township had more missing teeth than those in country (u=5.000, P<0.001). Conclusion There were significant differences between people living in township and country of Yao residents in Liannan, in caries prevalence, filling rate and missing teeth aspects. The filling rate of caries was low and the average number of missing teeth was high. Therefore, the prevention of dental caries should be focused on the people in township. The stomatological human resources should be allocated reasonably. We must intensify the promotion of necessity of caries treatment and carry out treatment of dental caries, in order to increase the filling rate of caries and decrease the number of missing teeth in township of Yao individuals in Liannan, which can improve their living qualities.

Key words: Yao Residents of Liannan, Adult, Caries, Epidemiology, Survey

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