口腔疾病防治 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (1): 52-54.DOI: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2017.01.011

• 防治实践 • 上一篇    下一篇

深圳市小学生恒牙龋病的流行病学分析

李菊红,阮世红,张紫阳,武剑()   

  1. 深圳市慢性病防治中心,广东 深圳(518000)
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-07 修回日期:2016-06-23 出版日期:2017-01-20 发布日期:2017-01-20
  • 通讯作者: 武剑
  • 作者简介:李菊红,副主任医师,硕士,Email: 103850075@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    深圳市重点公共卫生项目;深圳市二年级小学生免费窝沟封闭项目

Epidemiological analysis of dental caries among pupils in Shenzhen city

Ju-hong LI,Shi-hong RUAN,Zi-yang ZHANG,Jian WU()   

  1. Shenzhen Center for Chronic Disease Control, Shenzhen 518000, China
  • Received:2016-06-07 Revised:2016-06-23 Online:2017-01-20 Published:2017-01-20
  • Contact: Jian WU

摘要:

目的 了解深圳市小学生恒牙龋病分布及治疗现状,为深圳市小学生恒牙龋病防治提供参考。方法 运用整群随机抽样方法,在深圳市10个区中随机抽取63所小学,合计74 308名在校学生,进行患龋情况调查。结果 小学生恒牙患龋率为15.7%,龋均为0.37±0.18;不同性别、不同年龄组间的恒牙患龋率差异均具有统计学意义(P < 0.05);恒牙患龋率与学生年龄之间存在关联性(P < 0.05);小学生窝沟封闭率、恒牙龋充填率分别为31.17%、19.05%;控制年龄因素后恒牙龋充填率(χ 2 = 12.897,P < 0.001)和窝沟封闭率(χ 2 = 5.659,P = 0.017)的性别差异均有统计学意义(P < 0.05)。 结论 深圳市小学生的龋齿预防需要加强。

关键词: 小学生, 龋齿, 恒牙, 窝沟封闭, 流行病学

Abstract:

Objective To understand the distribution and treatment of dental caries among primary school students in Shenzhen City, and to provide a basis for prevention and treatment of dental caries of primary school students in Shenzhen City. Methods Using cluster sampling method, in the 10 districts of Shenzhen city, a total of 74 308 students in 63 primary school, were randomly selected and received examination of dental caries.Results Prevalence of caries was 15.7%. Decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) was 0.37 ± 0.18. Significant differences in age and gender distribution were found (P < 0.05). There is a correlation between prevalence of permanent teeth caries and age (P < 0.05). Rate of pit and fissure sealant, filling in permanent teeth were 31.17%, 19.05%. Controlling age and gender factors, significant differences between genders were found in rate of pit and fissure sealant, filling in permanent teeth (P < 0.05).Conclusion Prevention of dental caries for pupils in Shenzhen city needs to be strengthened.

Key words: Pupils, Caries, Permanent teeth, Pit and fissure sealant, Epidemiology

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