Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (9): 549-553.doi: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2016.09.011

• Prevention and Treatment Practice • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The practice of comprehensive intervention of children′s oral diseases

ZHANG Da-hua(),ZHANG Yan-rong,AN Wei,YANG Yan-xia,GAO Li-min,LIU Hu,ZHAI Yuan-yuan,YANG Yu,LIANG Yuan-yuan   

  1. Yanzhou Stomatological Hospital of Jining, Jining 272100, China
  • Received:2016-04-15 Revised:2016-06-03 Online:2016-09-20 Published:2016-09-20
  • Contact: Da-hua ZHANG E-mail:syybtd@163.com

Abstract:

Objective To evaluate the effect of the comprehensive intervention of the oral health education for children aged 6 to 12 years.Methods The oral health knowledge questionnaire was used to evaluatethe children′s awareness about oral health and the correct rate of tooth-brushing before and after 12-month comprehensive intervention. Two organizational forms about pit and fissure sealant were adopted. In city school, students were brought by their parents to the hospital to do pit and fissure sealant, while in rural school, hospital medical team went to schools to do pit and fissure sealant for the students. Compare the sealants retention rate in 12-month follow-up between two forms. The total sealants retention rate among 6-month, 12-month and 24-month follow-up were compared.Results Before and after oral health education guidance, the rate of children′s oral health awareness was 68% and 96%, and the correct rate of tooth-brushing was 64% and 92% respectively (P<0.05). There was statistical difference before and after comprehensive intervention. The rate of pit and fissure sealant was 84.02% in city school and 97.98% in rural school and the sealant retention rate in 12-month follow-up was 86.75% and 85.29% respectively(P<0.05). The total sealants retention rate among 6-month, 12-month and 24-month follow-up were 92.01%, 86.02%, and 82.14% respectively (P<0.05).Conclusion The oral comprehensive intervention is helpful to improve the children′s awareness about oral health.

Key words: Comprehensive intervention, Pit and fissure sealant, Rate of sealant retention, Oral health education, Organizational form

CLC Number: 

  • R780.1

Table 1

The comparison of the rate of oral health knowledge awareness of students before and after oral health intervention"

项目 调查人数(名) 知晓率(%) χ2 P
干预前 3 860 68 954.73 <0.001
干预后 3 540 96

Table 2

The comparison of the correct brushing rate before and after oral health intervention"

项目 调查人数(名) 正确刷牙率(%) χ2 P
干预前 3 860 64 828.35 <0.001
干预后 3 540 92

Table 3

The rate of pit and fissure sealants in Yanzhou District primary schools (6 to 12 years old)"

项目 适宜封闭
人数(名)
窝沟封闭
人数(名)
封闭率
(%)
χ2 P
城区组 13 502 11 345 84.02 2154.90 <0.001
农村组 18 551 18 177 97.98
合计 32 053 29 522 92.11

Table 4

The comparison of the sealants retention rate between the city school and the rural school after 12-month follow-up"

项目 复查牙数
(颗)
完整保留率
(%)
部分保留率
(%)
保留率
(%)
χ2 P
城区组 6 180 83.93 2.82 86.75 5.45 <0.05
农村组 6 180 78.09 7.20 85.29
合计 12 360 81.01 5.01 86.02

Table 5

The comparison of the sealants retention rate"

项目 复查牙数(颗) 完整保留率(%) 部分保留率(%) 保留率(%) χ2 P
封闭后6个月 1 3250 90.99 1.02 92.01
封闭后12个月 1 2360 81.01 5.01 86.02 515.61 <0.001
封闭后24个月 9876 75.11 7.03 82.14
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