Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (3): 171-174.doi: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2018.03.006

• Cinical Study • Previous Articles     Next Articles

An analysis of periodontal status in desquamative gingivitis and the correlative factors

Jun SHEN1(), Wenxia MENG2, Xiao JIANG2, Xuan WANG2, Cao YIN2   

  1. 1. Department of VIP, Stomatological Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510280, China;
    2. Department of Periodontal and Oral Mucosal Disease, Stomatological Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510280, China;
  • Received:2017-09-24 Revised:2017-10-17 Online:2018-03-20 Published:2018-08-31

Abstract:

Objective To study the clinical periodontal status of patients with desquamative gingivitis (DG) and analyze the factors that influence clinical periodontal indicators. Methods A purposive sampling method was used to obtain 42 subjects for a DG case group and a control group. Periodontal clinical indicators were detected, and related factors were analyzed. Results The DG patients were primarily middle-aged women. Periodontal clinical indicators were more prevalent in individuals with oral lichen planus (OLP) and mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) than in the control group. Probing depth (PD) (χ2=53.058, P<0.001; χ2=32.989, P<0.001), clinical attachment (χ2=30.292, P<0.001; χ2=32.470, P<0.001) and the positive rate of bleeding on probing (BOP) (χ2=50.003, P<0.001; χ2=36.236, P<0.001) were higher in the OLP and MMP group than in the control group. The time interval between the onset and treatment of DG was correlated with PD (rs=0.523, P<0.001) and the rate of positive BOP sites (rs=0.377, P=0.014). Conclusion Patients with DG have obvious periodontal lesions. Early medical intervention is helpful for diagnosing and treating DG-related oral and systemic disease.

Key words: Desquamative gingivitis, Oral lichen planus, Mucous membrane pemphigoid, Chronic periodontitis, Correlative factors analysis

CLC Number: 

  • R781.5

"

组别 年龄中位数
(岁)
性别 在职 婚姻状况 吸烟 饮酒
在职 非在职 未婚 在婚 离异/丧偶
病例组 42 11(26.2) 31(73.8) 33(78.6) 9(21.4) 7(16.7) 31(73.8) 4(9.5) 25(59.5) 17(40.5) 25(59.5) 17(40.5)
对照组 35 7(16.7) 35(83.3) 38(90.5) 4(9.5) 19(45.2) 15(35.7) 8(19.0) 27(64.3) 15(35.7) 32(76.2) 10(23.8)
合计 37 18(21.4) 66(78.6) 71(84.5) 13(15.5) 26(31.0) 46(54.8) 12(14.3) 52(61.9) 32(38.1) 57(67.9) 27(32.1)
χ2值/u -1.704 1.131 2.275 12.437 0.202 2.674
P 0.088 0.287 0.131 0.002 0.653 0.102

Table 2

Periodontal clinical status of OLP and MMP compared to control group"

组别 探诊深度
(mm)
临床附着水平
(mm)
探诊出血
阳性率(%)
病例组 OLP组 3.40 3.24 19.38
MMP组 3.38 3.36 20.04
对照组 1.40 2.17 6.79
合计 2.36 2.89 16.08
χ21) 62.805 45.102 62.292
P <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
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