Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (4): 218-221.doi: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2018.04.003

• The Fourth National Epidemiological Survey of Oral Health • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Dental fluorosis of permanent teeth among 12-year-old people of Guangdong Province: a sample investigation (2015—2016)

Jianming ZHANG1(), Jianbo LI2, Weihua FAN2, Shaohong HUANG2()   

  1. 1. Foshan Stomatology Hospital, School of Stomatology and Medicine, Foshan University, Foshan 528000, China
    2. Stomatological Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510280, China
  • Received:2017-10-23 Revised:2018-01-05 Online:2018-04-20 Published:2018-08-31

Abstract:

ObjectiveTo investigate the dental fluorosis status of permanent teeth of a 12-year-old population of Guangdong Province to provide informational support for oral health care in Guangdong.Methods An equal-sized cross-sectional random-sample assessment was carried out among 1 920 urban and rural residents of Guangdong Province, half male and half female, aged 12 years. We examined the dental fluorosis status of complete permanent teeth crown based on a health survey and the criteria of clinical dental fluorosis from the fourth national oral health survey. The data were analyzed by SAS9.2 to investigate the prevalence and community fluorosis index as well as gender and urban and rural differences, and compared with the prevalence of fluorosis in Guangdong Province in 2005 and 1995.Results In the 12-year-old population, the prevalence of dental fluorosis was 5.05%, and the community fluorosis index was 0.108. There was no significant difference between genders(P > 0.05), but there was a significant difference between subjects from urban and rural areas(P < 0.05). There were significant differences among prevalence of dental fluorosis and community fluorosis index in 1995, 2005 and 2015—2016(P < 0.05).Conclusion The prevalence of dental fluorosis and the community fluorosis index of 12-year-old people of Guangdong Province are relatively low, but there is an upward trend.

Key words: Dental fluorosis, Oral epidemiology, Survey, Cross-sectional survey, Oral health care

Table 1

The prevalence of dental fluorosis in 12-year-old people of Guangdong Province in 2015-2016 (n)"

城乡/男女 受检人数 可疑 很轻 轻度 中度 重度 患病率(%) χ2 P 氟牙症指数 Z P
城市 960 48 31 23 9 2 6.77 11.824 0.001 0.142 3.673 <0.001
农村 960 35 20 6 3 3 3.33 0.073
960 40 22 12 6 1 4.27 2.443 0.118 0.092 -1.451 0.147
960 43 29 17 6 4 5.83 0.123
合计 1 920 83 51 29 12 5 5.05 0.108

Table 2

A comparison of the prevalence of dental fluorosis in 12-year-old people of Guangdong Province in 1995, 2005 and 2015—2016"

时间(年) 受检人数 患病率(%) χ2 P 氟牙症指数 Z P
1995 2 132 1.03 66.192 <0.001 0.026 61.993 <0.001
2005 720 1.53 0.034
2015—2016 1 920 5.05 0.108
[1] 齐小秋. 第三次全国口腔健康流行病学调查报告[M]. 北京: 人民卫生出版社, 2008: 16.
[2] 第四次全国口腔健康流行病学调查技术组, 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心.公益性行业科研专项——第四次全国口腔健康流行病学调查(2015—2017)抽样工作手册[R]. 北京: 中华口腔医学会, 2015: 9-28.
[3] 第四次全国口腔健康流行病学调查技术组,中华口腔医学会. 公益性行业科研专项(201502002)第四次全国口腔健康流行病学调查(2015—2018)工作手册[R]. 北京: 中华口腔医学会,2015:36.
[4] 童文蔚,黄少宏. 广东省12、15岁人群氟牙症抽样调查报告[J].广东牙病防治, 1999, 7(1):18-19.
[5] 冯希平. 全国第四次口腔健康流行病学调查总体情况及口腔健康状况报告.全国口腔卫生工作培训班[R].青岛:中华口腔医学会, 2017:28.
[6] 胡德渝. 口腔预防医学(第6版)[M]. 北京: 人民卫生出版社, 2012:30-33.
[7] 仇淑芬. 氟中毒的流行病学调查分析[J].世界最新医学信息文摘, 2017, 17(03):135.
[8] 陈媛, 熊传龙, 张继国, 等. 膳食营养因素对氟斑牙的影响研究[J].环境与健康杂志, 2016, 33(02):124-127.
[9] 高秀秀, 王富珍.氟斑牙危险因素的研究进展[J].系统医学,2017, 2(15):152-153.
[1] HUANG Shaohong,WU Linmei. The prevalence of dental caries in urban areas is lower than that in rural areas--analysis of changes in the epidemiological characteristics of caries in urban and rural areas [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2020, 28(5): 273-278.
[2] SHI Chunling,LIU Yi. Research progress on the therapeutic effect of traditional Chinese medicine on fluorosis [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2019, 27(9): 609-612.
[3] Jiaxin DENG,Yuan CHEN,Zhuohui FU,Yan WANG. Research progress on the influencing factors of dental fluorosis [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2019, 27(6): 391-395.
[4] Bingjie ZHANG,Danni WU,Bohua SU. Effect of cold light whitening technique combined with infiltration resin in the treatment of dental fluorosis [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2018, 26(9): 564-568.
[5] Weihua FAN, Jianbo LI, Wanghong ZHAO, Ziqiang LIU, Shaohong HUANG. A sampling survey of gingival bleeding and dental calculus in Guangdong Province (2015-2016) [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2018, 26(3): 151-157.
[6] Weiping WANG, Jianming ZHANG, Jianbo LI, Weihua FAN, Ziqiang LIU, Shaohong HUANG. A sampling survey of remaining teeth and edentulous jaw arch in people aged 35-74 in Guangdong Province (2015-2016) [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2018, 26(2): 90-94.
[7] LI Jiankai,LI Jianbo,LI Jingyi,HUANG Shaohong. Survey report on oral health knowledge among 35-44-year-old individuals in Guangdong Province (2015-2016) [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2018, 26(12): 791-794.
[8] Hongji CHEN, Changhua DUAN, Shaohong HUANG. An investigation on parents’ knowledge of dental trauma in primary school of chancheng district, Foshan City [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2017, 25(6): 401-404.
[9] Jing HU, Zongrui TIAN, Yanmei DAI, Zhaofei FENG. Epidemiology survey of dental fluorosis in rural area of Tianjin city [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2017, 25(12): 806-809.
[10] Weihua FAN, Jianbo LI, Wanghong ZHAO, Ziqiang LIU, Shaohong HUANG. A sampling survey of periodontal health status in 15-74-year-old population in Guangdong province (2015-2016) [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2017, 25(12): 767-773.
[11] Chunming HUANG, Yanhua XU, Guiyue HUANG. Prevalence of malocclusion in deciduous teeth among preschool children in Kunming [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2017, 25(12): 794-797.
[12] Yan CHEN, Jianbo LI, Wanghong ZHAO, Weihua FAN, Buling WU, Shaohong HUANG. A sampling survey of permanent crown-root caries in 55-74-year-old population in Guangdong Province (2015-2016) [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2017, 25(11): 706-711.
[13] Shaohong HUANG, Jianbo LI, Weihua FAN, Wanghong ZHAO. A sampling survey of permanent teeth caries in 12-15-year-old population in Guangdong Province (2015-2016) [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2017, 25(11): 697-700.
[14] LI Shiyi, LI Jianbo, FAN Weihua, ZHAO Wanghong, HUANG Yanmei, HUANG Shaohong. A sampling survey of permanent crown-root caries in 35-44-year-old population in Guangdong Province (2015-2016) [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment For Stomatological Diseases, 2017, 25(11): 702-705.
[15] Jianbo LI, Weihua FAN, Wanghong ZHAO, Shaohong HUANG. A sampling survey of deciduous teeth caries in 3-5-year-old population in Guangdong Province (2015-2016) [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2017, 25(11): 693-696.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] Hong-chang LAI,Jun-yu SHI. Maxillary sinus floor elevation[J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2017, 25(1): 8 -12 .
[2] Pin ZHOU, Yang-fei LI. MRI study of temporomandibular joint disc position in asymptomatic volunteers[J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2017, 25(4): 239 -244 .
[3] Xinxin XIA, Fang FANG, Lijuan CHENG. Shaping ability of Pathfile and WaveOne in simulated root canals[J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2017, 25(6): 365 -368 .
[4] Yuanhong LI, Xinyi FANG, Yu QIU, Lei CHENG. Experimental study on the effects of green tea on salivary flow rate and pH value[J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2017, 25(9): 560 -564 .
[5] Chengzhang LI. Masticatory muscles in occlusion[J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2017, 25(12): 755 -760 .
[6] . [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2018, 26(1): 1 .
[7] Zhirong WU, Shiguang Huang. Research progress on the etiology, clinical examination and treatment of peri-implantitis[J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2018, 26(6): 401 -405 .
[8] Xiaowu YAO, Shisheng CHEN, Zizheng LU, Minxiao LIN. Clinical report and literature review on the amyloidosis of salivary glands[J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2018, 26(8): 533 -536 .
[9] Lan LIAO, Lijun ZENG. Updated research on digitalization in aesthetic restoration[J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2018, 26(7): 409 -414 .
[10] Yu LU, Chengxia LIU, Zhongjun LIU. Role of TRAF6 in inflammatory responses of human osteoblast-like cells with Enterococcusfaecalis[J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2017, 25(7): 420 -425 .
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.