Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (12): 791-794.doi: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2018.12.007

• Prevention and Treatment Practice • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Survey report on oral health knowledge among 35-44-year-old individuals in Guangdong Province (2015-2016)

LI Jiankai1(),LI Jianbo2,LI Jingyi1,HUANG Shaohong2()   

  1. 1. Foshan Stomatological Hospital, Foshan University, Foshan 528000, China
    2. Stomatological Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510280, China
  • Received:2018-04-11 Revised:2018-09-19 Online:2018-12-20 Published:2018-12-18

Abstract:

ObjectiveTo understand the level and current status of oral health knowledge among people aged 35-44 years in Guangdong Province and to provide a reference for oral health education in Guangdong Province. MethodsAn equal-sized, stratified, multistage, random sampling design was applied to obtain representative sample groups consisting of 288 Guangdong residents aged 35-44 years in four urban areas and four rural areas with a gender ratio of one to one. According to the Guideline of the 4th National Oral Health Survey, a questionnaire survey was conducted, and a statistical analysis of the questionnaire responses related to oral health knowledge was performed. ResultsIn total, 288 people participated in the survey, of which 95.8 percent were aware that “Oral health is very important to their own lives, and the prevention of oral diseases depends on themselves first”, 76.0% recognized that “Regular oral examination is very necessary”, and 66.7% disagreed that “Teeth were innate and had little to do with their own protection”. The percentages of participants that agreed with the statements “Eating sugar can cause dental caries”, “Oral disease may affect general health”, “Bacteria may cause dental caries” and “Bacteria may cause gum inflammation” were 87.2%, 84.7%, 80.9%, and 80.2%, respectively. However, the rates of awareness that teeth could be protected by fluoride and by pit and fissure sealant were only 36.8% and 18.8%, respectively. ConclusionGeneral knowledge of oral health care was relatively high among adults aged 35-44 years in Guangdong Province, but knowledge of fluoride, pit and fissure sealing and caries prevention was relatively low. Oral health education should be continuously improved, especially regarding the popularization of oral health knowledge.

Key words: Oral epidemiology, Oral health knowledge, Questionnaire survey, Health education, Fluoride, Pit and fissure sealing

CLC Number: 

  • R781.1

Table 1

The oral health cognition ratio of 35-44-year-old people in Guangdong Province n,%"

对口腔健康的认知 合计
n=288)
城市组
n=144)
农村组
n=144)
χ2 P
同意“口腔健康对自己的生活很重要” 276(95.8) 142(98.6) 134(93.1) 5.565 0.018
同意“预防牙病首先靠自己” 276(95.8) 139(96.5) 137(95.1) 0.348 0.555
同意“定期口腔检查是十分必要的” 219(76.0) 119(82.6) 100(69.4) 6.880 0.009
不同意“牙齿的好坏是天生的,与自己保护关系不大” 192(66.7) 105(72.9) 87(60.4) 5.063 0.024

Table 2

The cognition ratio of 35-44-year-old people in Guangdong Province on factors that affect oral healthn,%"

影响口腔健康的原因 合计
n=288)
城市组
n=144)
农村组
n=144)
χ2 P
认同“吃糖可以导致龋齿” 251(87.2) 123(85.4) 128(88.9) 0.775 0.379
认同“口腔疾病可能会影响全身健康” 244(84.7) 123(85.4) 121(84.0) 0.107 0.743
认同“细菌可以引起龋齿” 233(80.9) 117(81.3) 116(80.6) 0.022 0.881
认同“细菌可以引起牙龈发炎” 231(80.2) 119(82.6) 112(77.8) 1.072 0.301
不认同“刷牙时牙龈出血是正常的” 219(76.0) 118(81.9) 101(70.1) 5.508 0.019
不认同“刷牙对预防牙龈出血没有用” 170(59.0) 92(63.9) 78(54.2) 2.814 0.093
不认同“氟化物对保护牙齿没有用” 106(36.8) 77(53.5) 29(20.1) 34.395 <0.001
认同“窝沟封闭可保护牙齿” 54(18.8) 41(28.5) 13(9.0) 17.869 <0.001
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