Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (5): 318-320.doi: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2019.05.009

• Prevention and Treatment Practice • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Oral verrucous xanthoma in adolescents: a case report and literature review

LIN Lin,DUAN Ning,WANG Xiang,JIANG Hongliu,WANG Wenmei()   

  1. Department of Oral Mucosa Disease, Nanjing Stomatological Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing 210008, China
  • Received:2018-07-17 Revised:2018-09-01 Online:2019-05-20 Published:2019-05-20
  • Contact: Wenmei WANG E-mail:wangwenmei0102@163.com

Abstract:

Objective To explore the etiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of verruciform xanthoma (VX) in adolescents to provide a reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods The clinical data of a case of a palatal mass in a juvenile were analyzed, and the related literature was reviewed.Results The palatal mass was proven to be VX by histopathological examination. Surgical resection was performed, and the prognosis was good. A review of the literature shows that VX is a rare benign mucosal skin lesion of an unknown etiology, with an incidence of approximately 0.025%-0.094%; VX is mostly found in middle-aged people, with no significant difference by sex. The clinical manifestations are similar to those of a variety of diseases, such as squamous papilloma, verruca vulgaris, fibroma, warty carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, which are not easy to distinguish and require histopathological diagnosis. The treatment of choice is surgical excision, with a low recurrence rate.Conclusion In the clinical experience of solitary mucosal masses in juveniles, it is necessary to send biopsy for pathological examination and avoid overtreatment.

Key words: Verrucous xanthoma, Adolescents, Verrucous carcinoma, Oral squamous cell carcinoma, Human papillomavirus, Macrophage, Lymphocyte

CLC Number: 

  • R78

Figure 1

Clinical manifestation and histopathological features of verruciform xanthoma"

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