Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (6): 391-395.doi: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2019.06.010

• Review Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research progress on the influencing factors of dental fluorosis

Jiaxin DENG,Yuan CHEN,Zhuohui FU,Yan WANG()   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, Department of Pediatric Dentistry West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
  • Received:2018-05-29 Revised:2018-08-07 Online:2019-06-20 Published:2019-06-21
  • Contact: Yan WANG E-mail:wangyan1458@163.com

Abstract:

Dental fluorosis is a kind of enamel hypoplasia caused by excessive fluorine intake during tooth development, leading to the formation of enamel with a lower mineral content and increased porosity, which can affect dental function and patients′ appearance. The prevalence of dental fluorosis remains high on a global level, and its occurrence is affected by many factors. Excessive fluorine intake is a major risk factor for dental fluorosis. The ways of fluorine intake mainly includes the application of fluorides, daily diet and air. Since fluorides have been widely used in the prevention of caries in recent decades and the methods of exposure to fluorine have been increasing, increasing numbers of studies have been conducted to explore how fluoride can achieve a balance between the effective prevention of caries and the prevention of dental fluorosis. In addition, exposure to fluorine at earlier ages can also increase the risk of dental fluorosis, while the improvement of nutritional structure can affect dental fluorosis prevention. Genetic susceptibility, socioeconomic status and parental awareness may influence dental fluorosis. This article aimed to review the latest research progress on the factors influencing dental fluorosis and provide a reference for the prevention and treatment of dental fluorosis.

Key words: Dental fluorosis, Fluoride, Nutrition factors, Age, Genetic susceptibility

CLC Number: 

  • R780.1
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