Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (6): 396-399.doi: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2019.06.011

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The effects of the Sp and Wnt genes on abnormalities in embryonic developmental and cleft lip and palate

Zhongwei CHENG1,Qinggao SONG2()   

  1. 1. Zunyi Medical College, Zunyi 563000, China
    2. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Affiliated Stomatological Hospital of Zunyi Medical College, Zunyi 563000, China.
  • Received:2018-10-11 Revised:2018-12-22 Online:2019-06-20 Published:2019-06-21
  • Contact: Qinggao SONG E-mail:814641639@qq.com

Abstract:

Normal embryonic development is regulated by different genes and related signaling pathways. In recent years, the association between different genes and genes, genes and signaling pathways in the same organization has been widely concerned by scholars at home and abroad. Sp and Wnt gene deletion or mutation can lead to abnormal embryonic development. The results of this review indicate that abnormal embryonic development is due to Sp gene deletion/mutation The zinc finger protein superfamily member Sp1-9 is involved in the development of various tissues and organs , such as the hematopoietic system, respiratory system and skeletal system, and its deletion or mutation can lead to developmental abnormalities in embryonic tissues. In addition, the Sp8 gene is associated with the occurrence of cleft palate. By summarizing the observations about the relationship between the Wnt gene and cleft lip and palate in recent years, we can understand the abnormal expression of Wnt3, Wnt3A, Wnt5A, Wnt9B, Wnt10A and Wnt11 in humans. The occurrence of cleft lip and palate is closely related; Sp5/8 is a key downstream effector of the Wnt signaling pathway during embryonic development and participates in the Wnt signaling pathway. Sp5/8 and the Wnt signaling pathway are involved in the regulation of normal neural crest development and the self-renewal of embryonic stem cells in embryonic mice. In summary, this paper proposes that the Sp and Wnt genes may be involved in the regulation of the formation and occurrence of embryonic cleft palate and provides a reference for further study of the associated mechanisms between the two genes in the cleft palate model.

Key words: Sp gene, Wnt gene, Abnormal embryonic development, Cleft lip and palate, Zinc finger protein

CLC Number: 

  • R782
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