Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): 195-199.doi: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2020.03.011

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Research progress on the relationship between oral microorganisms and esophageal cancer

WANG Chunmeng1,HONG Lihua1,WANG Yu2,ZHANG Zhimin1()   

  1. 1. Department of Endodontics, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China
    2. Department of Gastroenterology, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China
  • Received:2018-10-01 Revised:2019-12-10 Online:2020-03-20 Published:2020-03-20
  • Contact: Zhimin ZHANG E-mail:zhangzhimin1964@sina.com

Abstract:

Esophageal cancer is one of the most lethal digestive system cancers, and its pathogenic factors have always been the focus of research. Recently, it has been found that microorganisms and their metabolites in the esophagus may also represent one of the pathogenic factors. Because of their continuity in anatomical structure, the oral cavity and esophagus have a certain correlation in terms of the composition of flora. In recent years, many scholars have studied the relationship between oral microorganisms and esophageal cancer to monitor changes in oral microorganisms as well as to diagnose and treat esophageal cancer more effectively. In this paper, the research status of oral microorganisms and esophageal cancer was reviewed. The Results of the literature review show that the diversity of bacteria in the esophagus is affected by oral flora in terms of the occurrence and development of esophageal cancer. Among these bacteria, the periodontal red complex, which includes Porphyromonas gingivalis, forsythia and Treponema dentata, as well as common oral microorganisms, such as Streptococcus viridis and Fusobacterium nucleatum, are all related to the occurrence and development of esophageal cancer to a certain extent. At present, there are few studies on the mechanism of microorganisms and esophageal cancer, but scholars have found that lipopolysaccharides and endotoxins, the products of Gram-negative bacteria in the esophagus, may participate in the innate immune response of the host, and the relevant mechanism of action needs further study in order to find new targets for monitoring and treatment.

Key words: esophageal cancer, microbiota, periodontal red complex, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, Treponema denticola, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Viridans streptococci

CLC Number: 

  • R78
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