Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (4): 252-256.doi: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2020.04.009

• Review Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research progress of superhydrophilic implants

DING Feng,SHI Shaojie,SONG Yingliang()   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Military Stomatology & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Shanxi Engineering Research Center for Dental Materials and Advanced Manufacture&Department of Oral Implants,Stomatological Hospital of The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi’an 710032, China
  • Received:2018-12-08 Revised:2019-06-13 Online:2020-04-20 Published:2020-03-31
  • Contact: Yingliang SONG E-mail:songyingliang@163.com

Abstract:

Through a review of the literature on surface treatment of superhydrophilic implants and its clinical application, this paper discusses the shortening of load time, the improvement of the planting success rate and its long-term effect. Additionally, attention should be paid to the nonindication of superhydrophilic implants and issues requiring attention. The literature review showed that healthy patients could carry out an early load 21 days after implantation of superhydrophilic implants, and the load could be completed as soon as 6 weeks after implantation with superhydrophilic short implants when the residual alveolar bone height of the posterior dental area was repaired. Even if the residual alveolar bone density of the patient is low, the application of superhydrophilic implants can shorten the healing period to 8 weeks. Notably, some studies have reported that superhydrophilic implants have no significant effect on patients with a history of radiotherapy and the use of anticoagulants. Because the adhesion of the superhydrophilic implant to the bacteria is also improved to some extent, it is very important to prevent the use of antibiotics when using the superhydrophilic implant. Finally, this paper discusses and anticipates the future research direction of superhydrophilic implants: longer periodic follow-up and more in-depth molecular mechanism studies.

Key words: hyperhydrophilic implants, early loading, low density bone, antibiotic, radiotherapy, anticoagulant, osseointegration, molecular mechanisms, long-term effect

CLC Number: 

  • R783.2
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