Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (8): 514-518.DOI: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2020.08.007

• Prevention and Treatment Practice • Previous Articles     Next Articles

An epidemiological investigation of the oral health behavior of 7 680 adolescents aged 12-15 years in Guangdong Province

SHANG Linjuan1,ZHANG Jianming1,LI Jiankai1,LI Jianbo2,HUANG Shaohong2()   

  1. 1. Foshan Stomatological Hospital,School of Stomatolgy and Medicine,Foshan University, Foshan 528000, China
    2. Stomatological Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510280, China
  • Received:2019-09-09 Revised:2020-03-12 Online:2020-08-20 Published:2020-07-15
  • Contact: Shaohong HUANG

广东省7 680名12~15岁青少年口腔健康行为抽样调查报告

尚临娟1,张建明1,李间开1,李剑波2,黄少宏2()   

  1. 1.佛山科学技术学院附属口腔医院·佛山市口腔医院,广东 佛山(528000)
    2.南方医科大学口腔医院,广东 广州(510280)
  • 通讯作者: 黄少宏
  • 作者简介:尚临娟,主治医师,硕士,Email:shang.linjuan@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家卫计委科教司2015年度公益性行业科研专项项目(201502002);广东省教育厅特色创新类项目(2017KTSCX036);广东省教育厅高水平大学建设经费南方医科大学临床研究项目(LC2017PY001)

Abstract:

Objective To investigate the oral health behavior of urban and rural students in the 12~15 year age group in Guangdong Province, aiming to provide informational support for adolescent oral health care. Methods A multistage stratified sampling method with equal capacity and simple random sampling was applied to obtain representative samples. A total of 7 680 students aged 12 to 15 were selected from Guangdong Province, with 1 920 in each age group of 12, 13, 14 and 15 years; half were male and half were female, and half were from urban areas and half were from rural areas. According to the Fourth National Oral Health Epidemiology Questionnaire Survey Program, a standard questionnaire was designed to conduct on-the-spot investigations on sugar intake, brushing, dental floss usage, fluoride toothpaste usage. Results ① Eating before a meal and before bed: the proportion of sweet snacks, sweet drinks and sugary drinks consumed ≥2 times/day was higher in the rural group than in the urban group (P < 0.001), with only sugary drinks consumed significantly differently by age (P < 0.001). ② The rural group had a significantly lower proportion of brushing ≥ 2 times/day, flossing habits and fluoride toothpaste habits than the urban group (P < 0.001), whereas only fluoride toothpaste habits were significantly different across age groups (P < 0.001). Conclusions Among the students aged 12 to 15 in Guangdong Province, the rural group had a higher proportion of consuming desserts, sweet drinks and sweetened drinks. The proportion of brushing ≥ 2 times/day was lower, and the usage rate of floss and fluoride toothpaste was lower.

Key words: oral epidemiology, oral health behavior, adolescents, brush teeth, fluoride, sweet snacks, sweet drinks, questionnaire survey

摘要:

目的 了解广东省12~15岁学生口腔健康卫生行为情况,为广东省青少年口腔卫生保健工作提供信息支持。方法 采用多阶段分层等容随机抽样方法,抽取广东省12~15岁学生共7 680人,12岁、13岁、14岁、15岁年龄组各1 920人,男女各半,城乡各半。采用第四次全国口腔健康流行病学调查制定的方法和标准进行调查。对有关甜食甜饮、刷牙、牙线使用、含氟牙膏使用情况等进行问卷调查。结果 ①餐前及睡前进食:农村组甜点心、甜饮料及加糖饮品进食 ≥ 2次/日占比高于城市组(P < 0.001),其中仅加糖饮品进食在不同年龄中差异有统计学意义(P < 0.001);②农村组刷牙 ≥ 2次/日、使用牙线习惯及含氟牙膏习惯占比低于城市组(P < 0.001),其中仅使用含氟牙膏习惯在不同年龄中差异有统计学意义(P < 0.001)。结论 广东省12~15岁学生中,农村组进食甜点、甜饮料及加糖饮品的比率较高;刷牙 ≥ 2次/日比例较低,牙线和含氟牙膏的使用率较低。

关键词: 口腔流行病学, 口腔健康行为, 青少年, 刷牙, 氟化物, 甜食, 甜饮, 问卷调查

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