Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (2): 94-98.DOI: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2021.02.004

• Clinical Study • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Retrospective analysis of 59 patients with descending necrotizing mediastinitis from oral and maxillofacial space infection

GUO Zhichen(),SAKENDEKE Jumatai,JIA Xinyu,HU Lulu,GONG Zhongcheng()   

  1. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University(Affiliated Stomatology Hospital), Institute of Stomatology of Xin Jiang Autonomous Region, Urumqi 830054, China
  • Received:2020-04-13 Revised:2020-06-30 Online:2021-02-20 Published:2020-12-21
  • Contact: Zhongcheng GONG
  • Supported by:
    grants from National Natural Science Foundation of China(81760191)

59例口腔颌面部多间隙感染继发下行坏死性纵隔炎的回顾性分析

郭治辰(),萨肯德克·居马太,贾馨雨,胡露露,龚忠诚()   

  1. 新疆医科大学附属口腔医院颌面肿瘤外科, 新疆维吾尔自治区口腔医学研究所,新疆维吾尔自治区 乌鲁木齐(830054)
  • 通讯作者: 龚忠诚
  • 作者简介:郭治辰,主治医师,硕士,Email: 309091585@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(81760191)

Abstract:

Objective A retrospective analysis aimed to identify the clinical features of patients with descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) to improve the effects of treatment and prognosis. Methods The clinical data of 59 patients with DNM who were treated in the Department of Oncology of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Affiliated Stomatology Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University and transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU) were retrospectively analyzed from March 2010 to March 2020. Statistical analysis was performed to identify the risk factors that were associated with mortality. Results A total of 59 patients were identified: 21 cases of DNM typeⅠ (35.6%), 19 cases of DNM typeⅡA (32.2%), and 19 cases of DNM type ⅡB (32.2%). All patients with DNM received emergency surgery. Patients with typeⅠ and ⅡA underwent anterior mediastinal xiphoid incision and drainage combined with thoracic drainage. The thoracic mediastinum was completely debrided, and postoperative drainage was performed in type ⅡB patients. Pus samples from all 59 DNM patients were cultured for bacteria, and 19 of them were positive. Systemic antiinflammatory therapy was administered. Five patients died (8.5%), and 54 patients survived (91.5%). Compared with the survival group, the mortality group had a higher proportion of patients aged ≥ 65 years, with diabetes, with an interval from admission to ICU ≥ 6 days, with an APACHE Ⅱ score ≥ 20 days, with a duration of ICU treatment ≥ 10 days, and with septic shock, with statistically significant differences (P < 0.05). Conclusions Timely transfer to the intensive care unit for treatment combined with early active surgery and timely treatment of systemic diseases and systemic antimicrobial therapy is the key to reducing DNM mortality.

Key words: odontogenic infection, non-odontogenic infection, glandular infection, descending necrotizing mediastinitis, maxillofacial space infection, diabetes mellitus

摘要:

目的 通过分析口腔颌面部多间隙感染继发下行坏死性纵隔炎(descending necrotizing mediastinitis,DNM)患者的临床特点,为该病的防治提供依据。方法 收集2010年3月~2020年3月新疆医科大学附属口腔医院颌面肿瘤外科收治的59例诊断为DNM患者的病例资料进行回顾性分析,所有患者通过胸部增强CT确诊,并转入重症监护病房(intensive care unit, ICU)治疗。对患者临床数据进行统计分析。结果 DNM Ⅰ型患者21例(35.6%),DNMⅡA型患者19例(32.2%),DNMⅡB型患者19例(32.2%)。所有DNM患者均行急诊手术,Ⅰ型及ⅡA型患者经前纵隔剑突下切开引流配合胸腔引流;ⅡB型患者开胸纵隔彻底清创,术后引流;59例DNM患者的脓液全部送细菌培养,其中19例培养为阳性;全身抗炎治疗。死亡患者5例(8.5%),生存患者54例(91.5%)。与生存组相比,死亡组中年龄 ≥ 65岁、有糖尿病患者、入院到转入ICU时间间隔 ≥ 6 d、APACHEⅡ评分 ≥ 20、ICU治疗时间 ≥ 10 d、感染性休克患者占比高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论 及时转入ICU、配合早期手术、积极治疗全身系统性疾病和全身抗菌治疗是降低DNM死亡率的关键。

关键词: 牙源性感染, 非牙源性感染, 腺源性感染, 下行坏死性纵隔炎, 颌面部多间隙感染, 糖尿病

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