Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (2): 115-118.DOI: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2021.02.008

• Review Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Application of the socket shield technique and its potential risks

LIN Xi(),LI Shaobing(),DING Xianglong,XU Shulan()   

  1. Dental Implant Centre,Stomatological Hospital,Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510280, China
  • Received:2020-02-28 Revised:2020-08-29 Online:2021-02-20 Published:2020-12-21
  • Contact: Shaobing LI,Shulan XU
  • Supported by:
    grants from National Nature Science Foundation of China(81801008);Science Research Cultivation Program of Stomatological Hospital, Southern Medical University(PY2019025)

“盾构术”的临床应用及潜在风险

林曦[Author]) AND 1[Journal]) AND year[Order])" target="_blank">林曦(),李少冰[Author]) AND 1[Journal]) AND year[Order])" target="_blank">李少冰(),丁祥龙[Author]) AND 1[Journal]) AND year[Order])" target="_blank">丁祥龙,徐淑兰[Author]) AND 1[Journal]) AND year[Order])" target="_blank">徐淑兰()   

  1. 南方医科大学口腔医院口腔种植中心,广东 广州(510280)
  • 通讯作者: 李少冰,徐淑兰
  • 作者简介:林曦,主治医师,硕士,Email: 654365980@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(81801008);南方医科大学口腔医院科研培育计划项目(PY2019025)

Abstract:

The rapid absorption of labial alveolar bone after tooth extraction not only reduces the aesthetic effect of implant repair but also affects the long-term success rate of implants. The socket shield technique is reported as the latest alveolar preservation technique in the aesthetic zone from both domestic and international case reports and shows a high success rate of short-term osseointegration and excellent aesthetic effects. However, some investigations have shown short- and long-term complications with the socket shield technique, such as failure of osseointegration, loss of crestal bone and buccal bone, inflammation, etc. In this review, the socket shield technique will be reported in detail with its pros and cons. Although the socket shield technique has achieved good clinical effects and short-term success rates in many cases, there are still no conclusions regarding the surgical procedure, such as the thickness, the position of the shield, whether to put the graft material between the shield and implant, etc. Due to the lack of long-term research or a large amount of clinical literature support and technical sensitivity, the socket shield technique should be carefully used in clinical application to reduce unexpected risks.

Key words: socket shield technique, socket shield technique, aesthetic zone, aesthetic zone, alveolar bone, alveolar bone, alveolar bone resorption, alveolar bone resorption, bone deficiency, bone deficiency, alveolar ridge, alveolar ridge, complication, complication, osseointegration, osseointegration, dental implantation, dental implantation

摘要:

上前牙拔除后唇侧牙槽骨迅速发生吸收,不仅降低上前牙区种植修复的美学效果,骨量不足也会影响种植体的长期成功率。近年来国内外报道“盾构术”在上前牙区应用实现了牙槽嵴轮廓的保持,成为一个新的美学区种植的治疗方案。但也有部分文献指出“盾构术”或其相关改良术式出现一些近远期并发症:如局部炎症、牙槽骨吸收、骨结合失败等。本文对“盾构术”相关文献进行综述,研究表明“盾构术”虽然在不少个案中获得良好的临床效果及短期成功率,但由于该技术缺乏长期及大量临床文献支持,在实际操作过程中存在许多不统一的意见,如牙片的厚度、牙片在牙槽骨内深度、牙片与植体间是否需要植骨等,操作具有技术敏感性,因此在临床应用中应谨慎采用该项技术,减少无法预料的风险。

关键词: 盾构术, 盾构术, 美学区, 美学区, 牙槽骨, 牙槽骨, 牙槽骨吸收, 牙槽骨吸收, 骨量不足, 骨量不足, 牙槽嵴, 牙槽嵴, 并发症, 并发症, 骨结合, 骨结合, 种植体, 种植体

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