Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (9): 551-556.DOI: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2018.09.002

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Rational use of first-aid medicine in dental clinic

Xiaojuan WANG,Bin FENG   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Military Stomatology & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Shanxi Engineering Research Center for Dental Materials and Advanced Manufacture Department of Pharmacy, School of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi’an 710032, China
  • Received:2018-02-27 Revised:2018-03-20 Online:2018-09-20 Published:2018-09-30

口腔诊室急救药品的合理使用

王晓娟,冯斌   

  1. 军事口腔医学国家重点实验室,国家口腔疾病临床医学研究中心,陕西省口腔生物工程技术研究中心,第四军医大学口腔医院药剂科,陕西 西安(710032)
  • 作者简介:王晓娟,主任药师,硕士, Email:912629498@qq.com
    王晓娟,主任药师,硕士生导师,第四军医大学口腔医院药剂科主任。从事药学研究工作20余年,现为中华口腔医学会口腔药学专委会副主任委员,全国口腔药学首席科学传播专家,国家基本药物临床应用指南与处方集编写审稿专家,全国高等学校口腔医学专业第五届教材评审委员会委员,分别主编教育部、卫计委“十二五”规划国家级数字教材《口腔临床药物学》1部,教育部、国家卫生计生委“十三五”规划教材《口腔临床药物学》,中华口腔医学会口腔药学专委会《口腔科药物治疗学》1部,卫生部统编教材随书光盘1部;副主编卫生部统编教材3部,参编专著多部。研发了40余种特色医院制剂;其中针对高原唇炎研制的具有自主知识产权的高原护唇膏取得军队特需药证书,并已列装部队。取得医疗器械注册证2项、卫生许可证 2项;获得发明专利10项;获国家自然科学基金、军队重大新药创制项目、省科技统筹创新项目、省攻关项目等24项;发表学术论文100余篇,其中SCI论文13篇。指导培养硕士研究生23名。

Abstract:

First-aid medicine is indispensable in emergency treatments, and the rational use of first-aid medicine is directly related to efficacy. Oral treatment seems to be simple, but there are still many potential risks with different levels. Therefore, the rational use of first-aid medicine is related to the patient’s life. First-aid drugs that are commonly used in oral practice include anti-shock vasoactive drugs, anti-heart failure drugs, anti-arrhythmia drugs, anti-angina drugs, glucocorticoids, anti-allergy drugs, electrolytes and acid-base balance regulators. This article summarizes the indications, usages, common adverse reactions and cautions of emergency medicine in the oral clinic. Additionally, the rational usage of first-aid medicine in the dental clinic is discussed. This work is expected to provide some suggestions for the reasonable use of emergency medicine in domestic dental clinics.

Key words: Dental clinic, Stomatological emergencies, First-aid medicine, Rational use, Indication

摘要:

急救药品是急救过程中的必备物品,急救药品的合理使用直接关系到患者的急救效果。诊疗过程中的突发状况时有发生,严重程度不一。因此口腔诊室中急救药品的配备及合理使用关乎患者生命安危。口腔临床常用急救药品有抗休克的血管活性药、抗心力衰竭药、抗心律失常药、抗心绞痛药、糖皮质激素、抗过敏药、电解质和酸碱平衡调节药等。本文将口腔诊室常用急救药品的常规适应证、用法、近年来国内常见不良反应及注意事项进行了归纳整理,列出了口腔诊室常见急症急救药品的合理使用方法,为国内口腔诊室急救药品合理使用提供参考。

关键词: 口腔诊室, 口腔急症, 急救药品, 合理使用, 适应证

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