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Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases

2020 Vol.28, No.3 Published:20 March 2020

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SHI Bin,YAN Qi,WU Xinyu

2020 Vol.28(3): 137–145    [Abstract] ( 52 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 16 )   [PDF 2142 KB ]( 56 )

WANG Zhiheng,ZUO Jie,WANG Mengqi,ZHU Shaojun,LIU Yishan

2020 Vol.28(3): 146–152    [Abstract] ( 39 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 7 )   [PDF 3001 KB ]( 25 )

ZENG Fantao,YU Dongsheng

2020 Vol.28(3): 153–157    [Abstract] ( 30 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 5 )   [PDF 2080 KB ]( 22 )

CHEN Zao,CHEN Lu,LIU Qi,WU Buling

2020 Vol.28(3): 158–162    [Abstract] ( 33 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 9 )   [PDF 2369 KB ]( 40 )

WANG Yueyang,ZHANG Lili,ZHOU Weiwei,WANG Nan

2020 Vol.28(3): 163–168    [Abstract] ( 35 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 7 )   [PDF 1604 KB ]( 38 )

SONG Zhifeng,FEI Fei

2020 Vol.28(3): 169–173    [Abstract] ( 34 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 7 )   [PDF 2316 KB ]( 60 )

GE Shuyun,ZHOU Haiwen,WAN Yi,ZHOU Zengtong

2020 Vol.28(3): 174–177    [Abstract] ( 28 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 5 )   [PDF 800 KB ]( 39 )

LIU Chuanxia,FU Ji,HAO Yilong,HE Hong,CHEN Qianming

2020 Vol.28(3): 178–183    [Abstract] ( 459 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 74 )   [PDF 792 KB ]( 285 )

ZHANG Limu,LIN Xiaoping

2020 Vol.28(3): 184–188    [Abstract] ( 37 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 9 )   [PDF 804 KB ]( 30 )

PENG Xinyu,PENG Xian,CHENG Lei

2020 Vol.28(3): 189–194    [Abstract] ( 30 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 6 )   [PDF 814 KB ]( 28 )

WANG Chunmeng,HONG Lihua,WANG Yu,ZHANG Zhimin

2020 Vol.28(3): 195–199    [Abstract] ( 45 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 10 )   [PDF 802 KB ]( 26 )

LIU Huimin,LI Xiangwei

2020 Vol.28(3): 200–204    [Abstract] ( 38 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 5 )   [PDF 800 KB ]( 61 )

SHI Bin,YAN Qi,WU Xinyu

2020 Vol.28(3): 137–145    [Abstract] ( 52 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 16 )   [PDF 2142 KB ]( 56 )

Short implants can be used as an alternative in cases of insufficient vertical bone volume after dentition defect or absence of dentition to simplify or avoid bone augmentation procedures. Short implants (≤ 6 mm) are reported to have a mean survival rate of 96% after a period of 1-5 years in function and have been widely used in cases of dentition defects or absence of dentition. Compared with conventional implants (≥ 10 mm) combined with bone augmentation procedures, short implants have fewer surgery-related complications, less marginal bone loss, shortened treatment times and reduced costs, and are preferred by patients. Due to a lack of evidence, a high crown-implant ratio should not be an obstacle for the use of short implants. In addition, most of the current literature has not enough follow-up time, the long-term implant survival data of short implants remain unclear. To improve the clinical outcomes of short implants, attention should be paid to the implant site, bone quality, and occlusal force as well as to the presence of oral health maintenance, periodontal diseases and habits through a careful intraoral and radiographic examination. The choices of wider implant use and splint restoration are recommended, occlusal force should be paid attention during implant maintenance. Inappropriate stress on restorations should be avoided. Future studies should be focused on the long-term clinical outcomes of short implants.

WANG Zhiheng,ZUO Jie,WANG Mengqi,ZHU Shaojun,LIU Yishan

2020 Vol.28(3): 146–152    [Abstract] ( 39 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 7 )   [PDF 3001 KB ]( 25 )

Objective To investigate the effect of miR-214 on the osteogenic differentiation of dental follicle cells (DFCs). Methods Purified DFCs were cultured in vitro by bidirectional differential passage, with the untransfected DFCs as the control group (DFCs group). The expression of miR-214-3p in DFCs was upregulated and downregulated by transfection of miR-214-3p(miR-214 mimics group) or miR-214-3p inhibitors(miR-214 inhibitor group) into DFCs. The expression levels of miR-214, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteonectin (OSN) and runt-related transcription factor-2(RUNX-2) were detected by qRT-PCR after 7 days of osteogenesis induction, the protein expression levels of RUNX-2 and β-catenin were detected by western blot, and the formation of mineralized nodules was observed with alizarin red staining after 14 days of osteogenesis induction. Results Compared with the DFCs group, in the miR-214 mimics group, the expression of miR-214 was upregulated after 7 days of osteogenesis induction. The mRNA expression of ALP, OSN and RUNX-2 in the miR-214 mimics group was lower than that in the DFCs group, but only ALP in the two groups was statistically significant (P > 0.05); the mRNA expression of ALP, OSN and RUNX-2 in the miR-214 inhibitor group was higher than that in the DFCs group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The protein expression of RUNX-2 and β-catenin in the miR-214 mimics group was lower than that in the miR-214 inhibitor group. The number of calcified nodules in the miR-214 mimics group was significantly less than that in the DFCs group, while that in the miR-214 inhibitor group was significantly higher than that in the DFCs group. Conclusion The upregulation of miR-214 can downregulate the expression of β-catenin, can inhibit the expression of ALP, OSN and RUNX-2 related to osteogenesis, and can inhibit osteogenic differentiation. The downregulation of miR-214 demonstrated the opposite results; miR-214 may downregulate the expression of β-catenin and inhibit the osteogenic differentiation of DFCs.

ZENG Fantao,YU Dongsheng

2020 Vol.28(3): 153–157    [Abstract] ( 30 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 5 )   [PDF 2080 KB ]( 22 )

Objective To explore the effect of circ_0001273 on the proliferation, migration and invasion of oral squamous cell carcinoma(OSCC) cells and to provide a relevant research basis for the use of targeted therapy in OSCC. Methods Data from twelve patients with a clinical diagnosis of OSCC were collected from tumor specimens and adjacent tissues. qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression levels of circ_0001273, circ_0018569, circ_0027152, and circ_0001273 which had the highest difference in expression in cancer and adjacent tissues was selected. siRNA was used for the knockdown of circ_0001273 in two types of OSCC cell lines, UM1 and CAL27, and the effects on the proliferation, migration, and invasion of UM1 and CAL27 cells were measured by MTS and Transwell experiments, respectively. Results The expression of circ_0001273 was abnormally increased in the 12 OSCC tissues (P < 0.05). After knocking down circ_0001273 in UM1 and CAL27 cells, the proliferation, migration and invasion abilities of UM1 and CAL27 cells were significantly reduced (P < 0.05). Conclusion The knockdown of circ_0001273 can inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of OSCC cells.

CHEN Zao,CHEN Lu,LIU Qi,WU Buling

2020 Vol.28(3): 158–162    [Abstract] ( 33 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 9 )   [PDF 2369 KB ]( 40 )

Objective To observe the permeability of four kinds of self-etching adhesives in aged glass-fiber-reinforced composite (GFRC). Methods After light polymerization following the manufacturers’ instructions, a total of 80 pieces of bisphenol-A-glycodal-methacrylate (Bis-GMA)+ polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) based GFRC were randomly divided into two main groups: test group and control group, each group was then divided into four subgroups with 10 samples for each subgroup. While the test group was conducted to be aged through thermocycling at 5 ℃/55 ℃, the control group remained fresh. After the addition of a fluorescent dye (rhodamine-B-isothiocyanate), four self-etching adhesives AdperEasy One (AEO), S 3 BOND (S 3B), Tetric N-Bond Self-Etch (TNB), G-Bond (GB) were correspondently applied to the test and control groups and were light polymerized. Specimens were sectioned using hard tissue cutting and grinding system. Slices from each subgroup were observed under a confocal laser scanning microscope, the depth of dye permeation (DDP) under the surface of GFRC in each group was measured and the Results were statistically analyzed. Results The DDP of AEO was the deepest (32.58 ± 6.06) μm, and that of TNB was the shallowest (6.19 ± 1.38)μm among the four self-etching adhesive subgroups in the control group. The order of each group was AEO > GB > S 3B > TNB. The DDP of the four subgroups in the test group was significantly shallower than that in the control group (P < 0.05). The change in GB was the greatest (9.05 ± 2.35)μm/(28.93 ± 5.32)μm. In the test group, the DDP in AEO was the deepest (28.42 ± 5.32)μm, and the DDP in TNB was shallowest (1.93 ± 0.22)μm again. The order of each group was AEO > S 3B > GB > TNB. In the test group, while the layer of fluorescent dye of AEO and S 3 B could still be seen distinctly, that of TNB and GB was hard to recognize. Conclusion The self-etching adhesives of AEO and S 3 B still have good permeation effect in this kind of aged GFRC, which can help to establish a good bond between these aged GFRC and the subsequent repair of composite resin.

WANG Yueyang,ZHANG Lili,ZHOU Weiwei,WANG Nan

2020 Vol.28(3): 163–168    [Abstract] ( 35 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 7 )   [PDF 1604 KB ]( 38 )

Objective To analyze the clinical effect of flexible fiber splint on traumatized permanent teeth with horizontal root fractures and to provide the basis for clinical treatment. Methods The case data of 54 permanent root anterior teeth with horizontal root fractures were collected. Patients with affected teeth were followed for 1 to 2 years to analyze the root fractures. The preservation rate and pulp survival rate were analyzed, and further analysis was performed on the effects of the root fracture location (cervical 1/3, Mid-root, apical 1/3), root development stage (mature permanent teeth, young permanent teeth), dislocation of the coronal fragment (<1 mm, 1 mm, > 1 mm) on root fracture healing and dental pulp survival. Results A total of 54 teeth with root fractures were treated according to the International Dental Trauma Association Treatment Guidelines. After the application of flexible fiber splint fixation, the tooth preservation rate was 90.7%, and the pulp survival rate was 75.9%, the hard tissues healing rate was 61.1%(33/54). There were no significant differences in the locations of root fractures, the developmental stages of the roots, or the degrees of dislocation of coronal fragment on the types of root fracture healing or dental pulp survival (P > 0.05). Conclusion The flexible fiber splint has a wide range of indications. Except for affected teeth with the root fracture located above the alveolar crest, other types of horizontal root fractures in anterior teeth can be treated with flexible fiber splint fixation and can achieve a good prognosis.

SONG Zhifeng,FEI Fei

2020 Vol.28(3): 169–173    [Abstract] ( 34 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 7 )   [PDF 2316 KB ]( 60 )

Objective To explore the surgical design and surgical Methods for the minimally invasive extraction of embedded supernumerary teeth and to provide a reference for clinical practice. Methods A total of 87 embedded supernumerary teeth were removed from 85 patients. CBCT examination was performed before the operation. The nearest surgical approach was selected based on the distance between the embedded supernumerary teeth and the bony plate of the buccal tongue (lip and palate). The CBCT measuring ruler measured the maximum diameter of the impacted dental crown. According to the radius of the buccal and tongue directions of the crown, the upper and lower boundaries (bucco-lingual direction) of the bone to be deboned were determined with reference to the top of the alveolar crest or adjacent enamel cementum. A horizontal vertical line was made from the point to the meridian, and the length of the horizontal line was 1/2 the diameter of the impacted multiple crown. Thus, the radius determined the horizontal starting and ending points of the bone to be boneless. A trapezoidal or arcuate incision was made with an electric knife under block anesthesia and local infiltration anesthesia. The incision retained the gingival papilla. The upper and lower as well as the near and far midpoints of the bone were marked with a bone ruler. Starting from the midpoint area, the upper and lower points were connected. The mesial bone was removed in the mesial direction, and the range of the removed bone was slightly larger than the radius of the crown, showing the crown of the embedded supernumerary teeth. A surgical impact air handpiece with a 45-degree elevation angle or a piezosurgery device was used to divide the crown of the embedded supernumerary teeth into two parts. The crown and dental tissues were removed in pieces, the surgical area was cleaned and rinsed, and the wound was closed. Anti-inflammatory and swelling treatments were administered after the operation, and painkillers were prepared. The patients were revisited 7 days after the operation to check for wound healing. We asked and recorded the amount of painkillers taken by the patients. Results All patients had good wound healing 7 days after the operation, and the wounds were sutured. There was no swelling on the maxillofacial surface, and the degree of opening was basically normal. No other complications such as infection or numbness occurred. Fifty-eight patients did not take painkillers. Conclusion CBCT can be used to locate the embedded supernumerary teeth in bone. The surgical approach can be chosen based on the principle of proximity. During the surgery, the bone ruler is used to accurately locate the bone and remove the embedded supernumerary teeth in pieces, which can achieve a minimally invasive effect.

GE Shuyun,ZHOU Haiwen,WAN Yi,ZHOU Zengtong

2020 Vol.28(3): 174–177    [Abstract] ( 28 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 5 )   [PDF 800 KB ]( 39 )

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of auricular acupoint application in the treatment of burning mouth syndrome(BMS). Methods A total of 155 patients diagnosed with BMS were randomly divided into the auricular acupoint application group (50 patients), drug treatment group (55 patients), and auricular acupoint application combined with drug treatment group (50 patients). One month represented one course of treatment. The changes in pain intensity were evaluated before treatment as well as one month and three months after treatment. Results The VAS scores in the auricular acupoint application group (t=8.949), the drug treatment group (t=10.52) and the auricular acupoint application combined with drug treatment group (t=19.33) all decreased 1 month after treatment, with a statistically significant difference compared with the scores before treatment (P < 0.01). The VAS scores of the auricular acupoint application combined with drug treatment group decreased significantly, and the difference was statistically significant compared with the scores in the drug treatment group (t=3.91, P=0.000 2). 3 months after treatment, the VAS scores of the three group decreased compared with that before treatment, but increased compared with that 1 month after treatment, and the VAS score of the drug treatment group increased most obviously, but the difference was not statistically significant compared with that of the auricular acupoint application group (t=2.047, P=0.043), other pairwise comparison differences were not statistically significant. There was no statistically significant difference in VAS score in the auricular acupoint application group (t=1.752) and in the drug treatment group (t=0.174) compared with that before treatment (P > 0.05). Compared with before treatment, the VAS score in the auricular acupoint application combined with drug treatment group also decreased significantly (t=3.282, P < 0.05). Conclusion Auricular point application is a safe and effective treatment for burning mouth syndrome, and the long-term effect is better when combined with drugs.

LIU Chuanxia,FU Ji,HAO Yilong,HE Hong,CHEN Qianming

2020 Vol.28(3): 178–183    [Abstract] ( 459 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 74 )   [PDF 792 KB ]( 285 )

Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has broke out in 29 countries and regions in the world in a short period since December 2019. Various measures of prevention and control have been taken all over China. At present, the epidemic situation shows a positive trend, however, there are still a few new comfirmed cases in some area of China. So the job and thinking of epidemic prevention still cannot be relaxed. As an important specialty of stomatology, the risk of cross infection is high in oral medicine. Establishing an effective system of pre-inspection and triage and adopting strict measures of prevention and control are essential. According to the prevention and control situation of COVID-19, the characteristics of hospital infection, pre examination, protective measures, the home management strategies of oral mucosal diseases during the epidemic period and the differential diagnosis between COVID-19 and common oral mucosal diseases with fever were summarized and recommended in this paper.

ZHANG Limu,LIN Xiaoping

2020 Vol.28(3): 184–188    [Abstract] ( 37 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 9 )   [PDF 804 KB ]( 30 )

A large number of studies have confirmed that periodontitis is closely related to systemic multisystem diseases. Local inflammation of periodontal tissue may cause systemic inflammation. As an inflammatory factor, C-reactive protein (CRP) is widely used to monitor various inflammatory states. CRP is not only highly related to periodontitis but also closely related to systemic diseases. This article reviews the relationship between periodontitis and systemic disease epidemiology as well as the mechanism of CRP in the relationship between them. The literature review shows that periodontitis is closely related to cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, premature and low-birth-weight infants, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis and other systemic diseases. Periodontitis, as a chronic inflammatory disease, can increase the level of serum CRP, thus increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease and affecting blood glucose control in diabetic patients, which may be related to the increased risk of premature delivery and low-birth-weight infants, may affect the development of chronic kidney disease, and may be used as one of the sensitive indicators of rheumatoid arthritis in the active stage. Through periodontal treatment, serum CRP levels can be reduced, which is helpful for the treatment of systemic diseases. CRP levels can be used as indicator for prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontitis and systemic diseases.

PENG Xinyu,PENG Xian,CHENG Lei

2020 Vol.28(3): 189–194    [Abstract] ( 30 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 6 )   [PDF 814 KB ]( 28 )

Microorganisms are closely related to the occurrence and development of common oral diseases. Due to the unique physiological and anatomical characteristics of the oral cavity, locally introduced antibacterial drugs cannot be maintained in the effective concentration range under the effect of saliva erosion. Therefore, to enhance the retention and bioavailability of antibacterial drugs in biofilms, some scholars designed pH sensitive drug delivery systems with the fact that the pH value of oral biofilm is lower than the physiological pH value. This article reviews the research reports of a pH-sensitive drug delivery system in the oral cavity and elaborates its application in oral diseases such as dental caries, endodontic disease, periapical disease, peri-implant diseases, and oral candidiasis. Literature review Results show that the pH-sensitive drug delivery system loaded with antibacterial drugs could be used for the control of oral microorganisms with excellent pH sensitivity and antibacterial properties, especially in the application of acid-producing bacteria such as Streptococcus mutans for the prevention and treatment of dental caries. However, the research of pH-sensitive drug delivery systems in the oral cavity is still limited to basic research,and in clinical applications, it still faces many challenges, such as a complex design and synthesis, difficulties with lasting effects and eliminating drug-resistance and persistent bacteria. Further optimization of pH sensitive systems, as well as animal experiments and in vivo studies will be the focus of future research.

WANG Chunmeng,HONG Lihua,WANG Yu,ZHANG Zhimin

2020 Vol.28(3): 195–199    [Abstract] ( 45 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 10 )   [PDF 802 KB ]( 26 )

Esophageal cancer is one of the most lethal digestive system cancers, and its pathogenic factors have always been the focus of research. Recently, it has been found that microorganisms and their metabolites in the esophagus may also represent one of the pathogenic factors. Because of their continuity in anatomical structure, the oral cavity and esophagus have a certain correlation in terms of the composition of flora. In recent years, many scholars have studied the relationship between oral microorganisms and esophageal cancer to monitor changes in oral microorganisms as well as to diagnose and treat esophageal cancer more effectively. In this paper, the research status of oral microorganisms and esophageal cancer was reviewed. The Results of the literature review show that the diversity of bacteria in the esophagus is affected by oral flora in terms of the occurrence and development of esophageal cancer. Among these bacteria, the periodontal red complex, which includes Porphyromonas gingivalis, forsythia and Treponema dentata, as well as common oral microorganisms, such as Streptococcus viridis and Fusobacterium nucleatum, are all related to the occurrence and development of esophageal cancer to a certain extent. At present, there are few studies on the mechanism of microorganisms and esophageal cancer, but scholars have found that lipopolysaccharides and endotoxins, the products of Gram-negative bacteria in the esophagus, may participate in the innate immune response of the host, and the relevant mechanism of action needs further study in order to find new targets for monitoring and treatment.

LIU Huimin,LI Xiangwei

2020 Vol.28(3): 200–204    [Abstract] ( 38 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 5 )   [PDF 800 KB ]( 61 )

Endothelial regeneration is a research hotspot in the field of dental pulp. The regeneration of endodontic blood flow is the bottleneck of dental pulp regeneration, and the applied scaffold material is the key to revascularization. Stent materials were reviewed. The literature review Results show that, depending on the source of the stent material used for endodontic revascularization, there are mainly natural, synthetic and composite materials. The natural scaffold materials used for vascular regeneration include chitosan, hyaluronic acid, bacterial cellulose, and proanthocyanidin; artificial scaffold materials include hydrogel, cryogel, and electrospinning. The bionic composite scaffold system with a double-layer tubular structure is low immunogenicity and good biocompatibility. Studies on the scaffold materials of bionic extracellular matrix, such as injectable hydrogels/microspheres, have promoted the development of dental pulp regeneration, that is, uniformly distributed scaffold materials in the root canal promote the generation of pulp-like tissue; Whether dental pulp tissue can establish effective blood circulation through the apical foramen remains a great challenge.

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