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Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases

2020 Vol.28, No.4 Published:20 April 2020

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LIN Xiaoping,HAN Yakun

2020 Vol.28(4): 205–213    [Abstract] ( 57 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 34 )   [PDF 1104 KB ]( 64 )

WU Donghui,ZHU Yunying,LIANG Jianqiang,LIN Zhaoyu,LI Jinsong

2020 Vol.28(4): 214–218    [Abstract] ( 30 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 12 )   [PDF 1580 KB ]( 23 )

PENG Haiyan,JIANG Xiaowen,HUANG Huaqing,CHEN Jinyong

2020 Vol.28(4): 219–223    [Abstract] ( 31 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 6 )   [PDF 1189 KB ]( 30 )

LIU Junfeng,LIU Conghua,ZHANG Wenzhong,XIAO Hui,Li Shaobing

2020 Vol.28(4): 224–230    [Abstract] ( 38 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 9 )   [PDF 4299 KB ]( 39 )

ZHANG Wen,XIE Wenqiang,ZHENG Meihua,KONG Xiangbo

2020 Vol.28(4): 231–235    [Abstract] ( 34 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 4 )   [PDF 1933 KB ]( 20 )

WANG Yamin,ZHOU Zhen,DAO Junfeng,CHEN Qiyue,LIU Wenjing,SONG Guangbao

2020 Vol.28(4): 236–240    [Abstract] ( 31 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 8 )   [PDF 1921 KB ]( 21 )

CAO Cong,ZHOU Nan,ZHANG Kai,JIAN Fan,XU Baohua,MAN Yi

2020 Vol.28(4): 241–245    [Abstract] ( 28 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 7 )   [PDF 2884 KB ]( 55 )

KONG Qianying,LIANG Lizhong,WANG Guangyong,QIN Shiqi

2020 Vol.28(4): 246–251    [Abstract] ( 38 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 8 )   [PDF 2199 KB ]( 56 )

DING Feng,SHI Shaojie,SONG Yingliang

2020 Vol.28(4): 252–256    [Abstract] ( 37 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 8 )   [PDF 756 KB ]( 26 )

XIE Weihong,YU Dongsheng,ZHAO Wei

2020 Vol.28(4): 257–261    [Abstract] ( 35 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 4 )   [PDF 761 KB ]( 29 )

YU Jianmin,MA Jian,QIAO Guangwei,HUANG Yongqing

2020 Vol.28(4): 262–266    [Abstract] ( 26 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 4 )   [PDF 756 KB ]( 25 )

LI Xiaodong,MENG Jian

2020 Vol.28(4): 267–272    [Abstract] ( 30 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 5 )   [PDF 805 KB ]( 23 )

LIN Xiaoping,HAN Yakun

2020 Vol.28(4): 205–213    [Abstract] ( 57 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 34 )   [PDF 1104 KB ]( 64 )

As the most important pathological feature of periodontitis, alveolar bone resorption also results in tooth loss and oral dysfunction. According to recent research, the host immune response is the major factor leading to alveolar bone resorption. Antibodies, immune cells and inflammatory cytokines involved in this procedure cause an imbalance of bone formation and destruction, which is called osteoimmunity. Given the importance of adaptive humoral immunity during periodontitis, B cells are considered crucial in the development of periodontitis. Therefore, establishing B cell osteoimmunity is an effective way for us to deeply assess the start, development and prognosis of periodontitis. It has been proven that the development process of B cells is accompanied by changes in bone density or morphology. We have reviewed previous literature to understand the role of B cell bone immunity in the pathological process of periodontitis, and the results showed that B cells regulate the development of bone cell lines through transcription factors (such as RANKL, PU.1, E2A, etc.). In addition, various cytokines expressed by B cells (such as IFN-γ, IL-17, IL-10, TGF-β, etc.) can participate in the regulation of bone cells.

WU Donghui,ZHU Yunying,LIANG Jianqiang,LIN Zhaoyu,LI Jinsong

2020 Vol.28(4): 214–218    [Abstract] ( 30 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 12 )   [PDF 1580 KB ]( 23 )

Objective To investigate the role of lncRNAs in the invasion and metastasis of salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) cells. Methods With SACC-LM as the experimental group and SACC83 as the control group, lncRNA chips were used to screen the differentially expressed lncRNAs. The differentially expressed lncRNAs were further verified by real-time quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR). The invasion and migration abilities of the adenoid cystic carcinoma cell lines before and after transfection with lncRNA siRNAs were detected by invasion and migration experiments. The clinicopathological features and prognosis of patients with different expression of lncRNAs and SACC were analyzed. Results The microarray showed that ADAMTS9-AS2 was highly expressed in the SACC-LM cells. Real-time quantitative RT-PCR further confirmed that ADAMTS9-AS2 was significantly upregulated in the SACC-LM cells. Invasion and migration experiments showed that the invasion and migration were significantly reduced after the expression level of ADAMTS9-AS2 was downregulated (P < 0.001). Analysis of the clinicopathological data showed that ADAMTS9-AS2 was highly expressed in SACC. High expression of ADAMTS9-AS2 was associated with poor prognosis and a high tumor metastasis rate in SACC patients. Conclusion High expression of ADAMTS9-AS2 promotes the migration and invasion of SACC cells. ADAMTS9-AS2 is upregulated in the SACC tissues and is related to a high metastasis rate and poor prognosis.

PENG Haiyan,JIANG Xiaowen,HUANG Huaqing,CHEN Jinyong

2020 Vol.28(4): 219–223    [Abstract] ( 31 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 6 )   [PDF 1189 KB ]( 30 )

Objective To investigate the expression of the mTORC1 signaling pathway during the osteogenic differentiation of mouse bone marrow mesenchymal cells (BMMSCs) under cyclic uniaxial tension and explore its possible role. Methods The BMMSCs of mice were affected by uniaxial dynamic tensile force. Western blot was used to detect the expression changes of major molecules (mTOR, Raptor, S6K) in the endogenous mTORC1 signaling pathway at 0, 1, 2, 4, and 8 hours after stretching. Chemical colorimetry, ELISA and PCR were used to detect alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteocalcin (OCN) and Runx2 mRNA, respectively. Then, inhibition, activation and control groups were established by administration of the drugs PP242, MHY1485 and PBS, respectively. Two hours after the stress, the expression of S6K was detected by western blot, and the expression of the osteogenic signal was continuously detected by the above methods. Results Western blot analysis showed that the main molecules of the mTORC1 signaling pathway were all expressed within 8 hours after traction, and the highest expression was 2 hours after the stress. Compared with those in the control group, the ALP activity and OCN expression decreased and the Runx2 mRNA levels increased after the mTORC1 signal pathway was inhibited (P < 0.001); ALP activity and OCN expression increased after the mTORC1 signal pathway was activated, while the Runx2 mRNA levels decreased (P < 0.001). Conclusion The mTORC1 signaling pathway participates in the osteogenic differentiation of mouse BMMSCs under tension. The osteogenesis of BMMSCs under cyclic uniaxial tension would be enhanced if the mTORC1 signaling pathway was activated.

LIU Junfeng,LIU Conghua,ZHANG Wenzhong,XIAO Hui,Li Shaobing

2020 Vol.28(4): 224–230    [Abstract] ( 38 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 9 )   [PDF 4299 KB ]( 39 )

Objective To explore the effect of RW splints on the position and occlusal relationship of classⅡ malocclusion patients with temporomandibular disorder (TMD) to provide a basis for the diagnosis and design of this kind of patient. Methods Fifteen patients with class Ⅱ malocclusions with TMD were enrolled in this study. After 8 months of RW-splint treatment, the changes in jaw position (∠ANB, SN-MP, ∠S-G0/N-Me) and occlusal relationship (molar, cuspid teeth displacement and anterior overbite/overjet value) were recorded by a condylar displacement measuring instrument at the CR position and CO position. Results After RW-splint treatment, the mean values of ∠ANB (t=4.971, P=0.001) and ∠SN-MP (t=9.895, P < 0.01) were increased in all 15 patients, and the mean value of S-G0/N-Me (t=5.342, P=0.005) was decreased. The mean values of the distal movement of the first molars on the left and right sides of the mandible were (1.57 ± 0.79) mm and (1.69 ± 1.29) mm, respectively; the mean values of the distal movement of the canines on the left and right sides of the mandible were (1.54 ± 0.50) mm and (1.51 ± 1.08) mm, respectively; and the mean values of the overbite were (1.16 ± 0.60) mm and (1.99 ± 0.85) mm, respectively. Conclusion After RW-splint treatment, the jaw rotates clockwise, and the relationship between the molars and canines changes obviously in class Ⅱ patients with TMD, which provides a reference for the diagnosis and treatment plan of this kind of patient.

ZHANG Wen,XIE Wenqiang,ZHENG Meihua,KONG Xiangbo

2020 Vol.28(4): 231–235    [Abstract] ( 34 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 4 )   [PDF 1933 KB ]( 20 )

Objective To investigate the effect of denture stomatitis of selective laser melting (SLM) titanium alloy for removable partial denture frameworks. Methods Twenty patients with dentition defects in our hospital were divided into two groups according to the different methods of creating a removable partial denture framework: the SLM group and casting group. The success rate, placement rate, masticatory efficiency and incidence of denture stomatitis were compared. Experimental data were analyzed with SPSS20.0. Results The success rate of the SLM framework group was 100.00%, which was higher than that of the casting group (90.00%) (P < 0.01). The rate of framework placement in the SLM group was slightly lower than that in the casting group (P < 0.05). The masticatory efficiency of the SLM group was higher than that of the casting group (0.783 ± 0.030 vs. 0.699 ± 0.037, P < 0.001). The incidence of denture stomatitis (10.00%) in the SLM group was significantly lower than that in the casting group (30.00%) (P < 0.001). Conclusion SLM is superior to the traditional casting method in mastication efficiency and reducing the incidence of denture stomatitis. This method can meet the clinical requirements, but the accuracy of the long-term stent needs to be improved.

WANG Yamin,ZHOU Zhen,DAO Junfeng,CHEN Qiyue,LIU Wenjing,SONG Guangbao

2020 Vol.28(4): 236–240    [Abstract] ( 31 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 8 )   [PDF 1921 KB ]( 21 )

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of concentrated growth factor (CGF) applied in guided bone regeneration (GBR) for severe bone deficiency in the anterior maxilla. Methods Forty patients with bone defects in the anterior maxilla were chosen to be treated with GBR, 20 patients were treated with CGF applied in GBR as the observation group, and the other 20 patients were treated only with GBR as the control group. The evaluation of wound healing was performed after the operation, and bone augmentation was evaluated half a year after the operation. Results The first-stage healing rate of soft tissue wounds in the observation group was 100% and 75% in the control group, and the primary healing rate in the observation group was better than that in the control group (P=0.017). The changes in bone width of the observation group were (3.70 ± 0.28) mm, and those of the control group were (2.96 ± 0.16) mm. The bone augmentation in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (P=0.000). Conclusion CGF applied in GBR has a good effect on bone augmentation for severe bone deficiency in the anterior maxilla.

CAO Cong,ZHOU Nan,ZHANG Kai,JIAN Fan,XU Baohua,MAN Yi

2020 Vol.28(4): 241–245    [Abstract] ( 28 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 7 )   [PDF 2884 KB ]( 55 )

Objective To summarize the treatment options for congenital maxillary lateral incisor agenesis (MLIA). Methods Review the literature, summarize the current treatment options and advantages and disadvantages of various methods of MLIA, and analyze cases. Results When a patient′s occlusion and other conditions are suitable for space closure and canine substitution, closure of the gap is the recommended method, as it has good aesthetic results and leads to good periodontal health. However, when closure cannot be performed, a dental implant has a strong advantage compared with other restoration methods. When planning implants for MLIA patients, doctors should carefully select the correct surgery time and take care with the implant position to obtain good results. Conclusion In the choice of a treatment plan for MLIA, we need to use the concept of multidisciplinary combined treatment to obtain a more satisfactory treatment effect with regard to aesthetics and function.

KONG Qianying,LIANG Lizhong,WANG Guangyong,QIN Shiqi

2020 Vol.28(4): 246–251    [Abstract] ( 38 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 8 )   [PDF 2199 KB ]( 56 )

Objective To study root morphology, the incidence of three root canals and the root canal anatomy of maxillary premolars. Methods The cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) data of 779 maxillary first premolars and 728 maxillary second premolars were collected from 412 patients in Zhuhai Stomatological Hospital. The root and canal morphology, incidence of three canals, bilateral symmetry and location of root canal bifurcation were analyzed. Results The incidence of three canals in the maxillary first premolars was 1.8% and that in the maxillary second premolars was 0.3%. The incidence of three canals in the maxillary first premolars was significantly higher than that in the maxillary second premolars (c 2=8.304, P=0.004). The symmetrical ratio of the three-canal maxillary first premolar was 27.3%. There was no symmetrical three-canal maxillary second premolar. The anatomical morphology of the maxillary premolar can be single root, double root or trident root. Its internal root canal system is complex and diverse. There are seven kinds of Vertucci morphology: the first maxillary premolar is mainly Vertucci IV type, and the second maxillary premolar is mainly Vertucci I type. Most of the root canal bifurcations of the three-canal maxillary premolars were observed in the midthird or the cervical third of the root. All three-canal maxillary premolars had three independent apical foramens. Conclusion The root canal morphology of maxillary premolars is complex and changeable. CBCT plays an important role in the discovery of variation and extra root canals.

DING Feng,SHI Shaojie,SONG Yingliang

2020 Vol.28(4): 252–256    [Abstract] ( 37 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 8 )   [PDF 756 KB ]( 26 )

Through a review of the literature on surface treatment of superhydrophilic implants and its clinical application, this paper discusses the shortening of load time, the improvement of the planting success rate and its long-term effect. Additionally, attention should be paid to the nonindication of superhydrophilic implants and issues requiring attention. The literature review showed that healthy patients could carry out an early load 21 days after implantation of superhydrophilic implants, and the load could be completed as soon as 6 weeks after implantation with superhydrophilic short implants when the residual alveolar bone height of the posterior dental area was repaired. Even if the residual alveolar bone density of the patient is low, the application of superhydrophilic implants can shorten the healing period to 8 weeks. Notably, some studies have reported that superhydrophilic implants have no significant effect on patients with a history of radiotherapy and the use of anticoagulants. Because the adhesion of the superhydrophilic implant to the bacteria is also improved to some extent, it is very important to prevent the use of antibiotics when using the superhydrophilic implant. Finally, this paper discusses and anticipates the future research direction of superhydrophilic implants: longer periodic follow-up and more in-depth molecular mechanism studies.

XIE Weihong,YU Dongsheng,ZHAO Wei

2020 Vol.28(4): 257–261    [Abstract] ( 35 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 4 )   [PDF 761 KB ]( 29 )

Tooth agenesis is a common tooth number deficiency that occurs in the tooth-forming process or earlier period of tooth germ development and has a serious impact on the maxillofacial development, aesthetics and masticatory function of patients. According to the presence or absence of systemic symptoms, tooth agenesis can be divided into syndromic tooth agenesis and nonsyndromic tooth agenesis. In recent years, the discovery of new related genes, new mutation sites and related molecular mechanisms has become a major direction of gene research. This article will review the current research progress of the signaling pathways related to nonsyndromic tooth agenesis, such as the WNT/beta-catenin pathway, TGF-β/BMP pathway, PAX9, MSX1, and the EDA/EDAR/NF-κb pathway, and their molecular mechanisms. The interaction between Pax9 activating the Wnt/β-catenin and TGF-β/BMP pathways, MSX1 activating the TGF-β/BMP pathway, and Wnt activating the EDA/EDAR/NF-κb pathway was also found, which provides a new theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of tooth agenesis. The molecular mechanism of nonsyndromic tooth agenesis is rarely studied; thus, the exploration of its mechanism will become one of the main research directions in the future.

YU Jianmin,MA Jian,QIAO Guangwei,HUANG Yongqing

2020 Vol.28(4): 262–266    [Abstract] ( 26 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 4 )   [PDF 756 KB ]( 25 )

The postoperative evaluation of cleft lip is an important means to improve the operation method and the effect of the restoration. In recent years, the methods of cleft lip repair, such as Chinese western rotary propulsion, reconstruction of labial and nasal muscle tension band+trefoil flap, etc., have been developed. However, at present, there are still many secondary deformities, such as obvious scars and alar collapse. In this paper, in a review of the previous literature, the existing methods, advantages and disadvantages, and the application of the evaluation of the postoperative effect of cleft lip were reviewed. To date, there are many methods that can be used to evaluate the effect of cleft lip surgery. These research methods can be divided into subjective evaluation and objective evaluation, such as subjective evaluation, direct measurement, photo measurement, and three-dimensional scanning measurement. Among them, the subjective evaluation is simple, but the reliability is poor, and this method is suitable for all patients with cleft lip. The direct measurement has a low cost and is only suitable for one-dimensional information measurement, but the accuracy is poor, so it is difficult to determine the endpoints. The time of the photo measurement method is short, which can avoid tissue deformation, but it is easy to produce errors; this method is suitable for patients with cleft lip who can cooperate. The three-dimensional scanning measurement has a high accuracy, is time consuming and is a simple method but has a high cost and is suitable for areas with appropriate equipment conditions. Overall, the evaluation of the postoperative effect of cleft lip surgery should combine subjective evaluation with objective evaluation, dynamic evaluation with static evaluation, and utilize long-term follow-up to obtain comprehensive and accurate information and provide a reference for clinicians to carry out cleft lip surgery.

LI Xiaodong,MENG Jian

2020 Vol.28(4): 267–272    [Abstract] ( 30 )    [RICH HTML ] ( 5 )   [PDF 805 KB ]( 23 )

The main treatment of head and neck cancer is comprehensive sequential treatment, but the 5-year overall survival rate is less than 50%. Strategies to further improve the curative effect of head and neck cancer are urgently needed in the clinic. Recombinant human vascular endostatin is an antiangiogenesis drug targeting vascular endothelial cells, which has a certain inhibitory effect on tumors. The treatment of malignant tumors by drugs alone is not significantly better than chemoradiation, but combined with radiotherapy and chemotherapy, it can increase the effect of radiotherapy and chemotherapy without drug resistance by changing the distribution of blood vessels, reducing oxygen and normalizing blood vessels. Head and neck tumor treatment has certain advantages. New tumor treatments are expected. The results of a literature review showed that the mechanism of action of recombinant human endostatin mainly includes regulating the matrix protein inside and outside the endothelial cells to influence neovascularization, acting on receptors related to the surface of endothelial cells, reversing abnormal neovascularization to achieve vascular normalization, inhibiting hypoxia inducible factor to improve the hypoxic status of the tumor area, and regulating the cell cycle to ensure the tumor cells are sensitive to radiation in the sensitive period, and vascular normalization can increase the effect of radiotherapy. This treatment has a good synergistic effect with radiotherapy and chemotherapy of head and neck tumors and has a good effect on advanced head and neck tumors.

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