Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (1): 55-58.doi: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2017.01.012

• Prevention and Treatment Practice • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Analysis of nursing effect of different feeding ways in children with congenital cleft lip after surgery

Su-song WEI1,Ai-lan XIE1,Wen-ping CHEN1,Xiao-ling WENG1,Si-ni QIU1,Ni LIU1,Zhen-nü ZHANG1,Xia-mei SONG2()   

  1. 1. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Stomatological Hospital of Southern Medical University & Guangdong Provincial Stomatological, Guangzhou 510280, China;
    2. Department of Pediatrics, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510282, China
  • Received:2016-04-16 Revised:2016-08-25 Online:2017-01-20 Published:2017-01-20
  • Contact: Xia-mei SONG E-mail:645849954@qq.com

Abstract:

Objective To investigate the influence of different feeding ways on the incidence rate of complication in patients with congenital cleft lip and their family satisfaction degree. Methods A retrospective analysis were conducted from 90 cases underwent surgery of congenital cleft lip with clinical data, were randomly assigned to the control group and the observation group, 45 cases in each. The control group routinely take spoon feeding way after surgery, whereas patients in the observation group does not change the feeding way in the past, continuely taking the nipple feeding or breastfeeding. Wound infection rate, wound rupture rate, crying in the process of feeding and parents' satisfaction were compared between the two groups.Results The wound infection rate and wound rate of the observation group were 2.2% and 0 respectively, the control group were 4.4% and 0 respectively. There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in the 2 index (P > 0.05). In the observation group, the crying children were less than the control group, In the observation group, the degree of coordination, parental satisfaction and acceptance of feeding were 84.4%, 88.9%, 93.3%, respectively, the control group were 55.6%, 60.0%, 66.7%. The observation group were better than the control group. The differences between groups was statistically significant (χ 2 coordination degree = 8.94, χ 2satisfaction degree = 9.87, χ 2recognition degree = 10.00, P < 0.05). Conclusion Children under the age of 1 with congenital grade Ⅰ and Ⅱ cleft lip do not change the way of feeding after surgery , who continue to take the bottle or breastfeeding can better meet the needs of children fed liquid diet, crying reduce, get parents' recogniton and reduce the burden on parents than the control group conventionally fed with a spoon.

Key words: Cleft lip, Spoon feeding, Bottle feeding, Parents' feedback, Satisfaction degree

CLC Number: 

  • R781.05

Table 1

Comparison of wound infection and wound rupture rate in two groups of children"

组别 例数 伤口感染 伤口裂开
例数 百分比(%) 发生例数 百分比(%)
对照组 45 2 4.4 0 0
观察组 45 1 2.2 0 0

Table 2

Coordination condition of two groups of children in the feeding process and parents' satisfaction with feeding methods n(%)"

组别 例数 患儿配合情况
家长满意度
不哭闹 哭闹少 经常哭闹 配合度(%)
对照组 45 5(11.1) 20(44.4) 20(44.4) 55.6 27(60.0)
观察组 45 8(17.8) 30(66.7) 7(15.6) 84.4 40(88.9)

Table 3

Recognition of feeding methods in parents of two groups of children n(%)"

组别 例数 完全认可 一般认可 不认可 认可度(%)
对照组 45 13(28.9) 17(37.8) 15(33.3) 66.7
观察组 45 26(57.8) 16(35.6) 3(6.7) 93.3
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