Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (6): 401-404.doi: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2017.06.013

• Prevention and Treatment Practice • Previous Articles     Next Articles

An investigation on parents’ knowledge of dental trauma in primary school of chancheng district, Foshan City

Hongji CHEN1(), Changhua DUAN1, Shaohong HUANG2()   

  1. 1. Department of dentistry, Xiangyang Hosptial of Chancheng, Foshan 528000, China
    2. Stomatological hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510280,China
  • Received:2017-01-23 Revised:2017-04-06 Online:2017-06-20 Published:2018-09-03

Abstract:

Objective To investigate the knowledge of pupils’ parents for the emergency treatment of dental trauma in Chancheng of Foshan. Methods By the method of random sampling, a total of 320 parents from 5 primary schools of Chancheng District was selected for questionnaire survey on the treatment method of children’s dental trauma. Chi square test was used for statistical analysis.Results 40.6% of the parents didn’t know that the anterior teeth of a nine-year-old child was permanent. 66.2% of parents didn’t know suitable methods to deal with the avulsed tooth. 72.2% parents didn’t selected the corrected preservation medium for the avulsed tooth. 95.6% of parents believed they needed to learn more knowledge of emergency treatment for dental trauma. Conclusion The present study showed that the knowledge of parents in Chancheng of Foshan about the emergency treatment of dental trauma is inadequate and related education is necessary.

Key words: Dental trauma, Cognitive level, Avulsed tooth, Sampling survey, Children

CLC Number: 

  • R788+.4

Table 1

Parent’s judgment of children’s anterior teeth (n,%)"

分组 正确 错误 不确定 χ2 P
家长年龄段 25~34岁 146(45.6%) 108(33.8%) 13(4.1%) 8.599 < 0.001
35~45岁 44(13.8%) 6(1.9%) 3(0.9%)
家长牙外伤史 9(2.8%) 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 6.077 0.032
181(56.6%) 114(35.6%) 16(5.0%)
合计 190(59.4%) 114(35.6%) 16(5.0%) - -

Table 2

Emergency treatment decisons of parents with all dislocated teeth (n,%)"

分组 保留脱位牙,立即
去医院治疗
扔掉脱位牙,
立即去医院治疗
扔掉脱位牙,
伤口自行止血处理
不确定 χ2 P
家长年龄段 25~34岁 68(21.3%) 159(49.7%) 26(8.1%) 14(4.4%) 56.208 < 0.001
35~45岁 40(12.5%) 5(1.6%) 6(1.9%) 2(0.6%)
家长牙外伤史 9(2.8%) 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 15.043 0.001
99(30.9%) 164(51.3%) 32(10.0%) 16(5.0%)
合计 108(33.8%) 164(51.3%) 32(10.0%) 16(5.0%)

Table 3

the selection of the preservation medium for the parents with complete dislocation teeth (n,%)"

分组 干净的纸或塑料
袋保存脱位牙
干净的水
保存脱位牙
新鲜冷牛奶
保存脱位牙
放在口水
(唾液)中
酒精保存
脱位牙
不确定 χ2 P
家长年龄段 25~34岁 116(36.3%) 17(5.3%) 23(7.2%) 12(3.8%) 9(28.8%) 7(2.2%) 76.295 < 0.001
35~45岁 10(3.1%) 31(9.7%) 2(0.6%) 4(1.3%) 5(1.6%) 1(0.3%)
家长牙外伤史 9(2.8%) 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 10.358 < 0.001
117(36.6%) 48(15.0%) 25(7.8%) 16(5.0%) 9(30.3%) 8(2.5%)
合计 126(39.4%) 48(15.0%) 25(7.8%) 16(5.0%) 9(30.3%) 8(2.5%)

Table 4

Parents’ choice of time for the treatment of complete avulsion (n,%)"

分组 10 min内就诊 30 min内就诊 24 h内就诊 不确定 χ2 P
家长年龄段 25~34岁 39(12.2%) 147(45.9%) 44(13.8%) 37(11.6%) 13.897 0.003
35~45岁 17(5.3%) 22(6.9%) 12(3.8%) 2(0.6%)
家长牙外伤史 9(2.8%) 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 26.712 < 0.001
47(14.7%) 169(52.8%) 56(17.5%) 39(12.2%)
合计 56(17.5%) 169(52.8%) 56(17.5%) 39(12.2%)
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