Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (8): 537-540.doi: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2017.08.014

• Prevention and Treatment Practice • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Investigation on periodontal status of senior high school students in Dongcheng district of Beijing

Xiuli ZHANG1(), Xiaochuan XU2, Yuan YAO2, Yunsheng LI3()   

  1. 1. Beijing Union University Hospital, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Department of Stomatology, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing 100035, China
    3. Department of Stomatology, Coal General Hospital, Beijing 100028, China
  • Received:2017-02-01 Revised:2017-05-16 Online:2017-08-20 Published:2018-09-03

Abstract:

Objective The aim of this study is to investigate the periodontal status of senior high school students in Dongcheng District, Beijing. Methods 750 Beijing senior high school students were recruited in this study. The periodontal examination assessed the calculus, bleeding on probing, probing depth, and clinical attachment loss. The prevalences of gingivitis and periodontitis were assessed. Results A total of 73.5% of the subjects had gingivitis, the prevalences of gingivitis in male and female were 76.7% and 69.2% respectively. The prevalence of periodontitis was 10.9% in total, with 11.8% in male and 9.8% in female respectively. Conclusion The prevalence of gingivitis was high in senior high school students, and significantly higher in male. The prevalence of periodontitis was relatively low, and there was no difference in gender.

Key words: Gingivitis, Periodontitis, Bleeding on probing, Probing depth, Clinical attachment loss

CLC Number: 

  • R780.1

Table 1

Prevalence of gingivitis and periodontitis"

分组 例数 牙龈炎(%) 牙周炎(%)
男性 425 326(76.7)1) 50(11.8)
女性 325 225(69.2) 32(9.8)
合计 750 551(73.5) 82(10.9)

Table 2

Prevalence of calculus in different teethn(%)"

牙石 第二磨牙 第一磨牙 第二前磨牙 第一前磨牙 尖牙 侧切牙 中切牙
上颌 13(0.9) 316(21.1) 126(8.4) 88(5.9) 26(1.7) 38(2.5) 34(2.3)
下颌 18(1.2) 277(18.5) 167(11.1) 136(9.1) 185(12.3) 547(36.5) 604(40.3)
合计 31(1.0) 593(19.8) 293(9.8) 224(7.5) 211(7.0) 585(19.5) 638(21.3)

Table 3

Prevalence of bleeding on probing in different teethn(%)"

探诊出血 第二磨牙 第一磨牙 第二前磨牙 第一前磨牙 尖牙 侧切牙 中切牙
上颌 39(2.6) 527(35.1) 462(30.8) 396(26.4) 27(1.8) 342(22.8) 311(20.7)
下颌 41(2.7) 573(38.2) 487(32.5) 366(24.4) 97(6.5) 304(20.3) 337(22.5)
合计 80(2.7) 1100(36.7) 949(31.6) 762(25.4) 124(4.1) 646(21.5) 648(21.6)

Table 4

Prevalence of attachment loss≥4 mm in different teethn(%)"

附着丧失 第二磨牙 第一磨牙 第二前磨牙 第一前磨牙 尖牙 侧切牙 中切牙
上颌 74(4.9) 167(11.1) 47(3.1) 43(2.9) 36(2.4) 38(2.5) 29(1.9)
下颌 69(4.6) 185(12.3) 52(3.5) 41(2.7) 19(1.3) 33(2.2) 49(3.3)
合计 143(4.8) 352(11.7) 99(3.3) 84(2.8) 55(1.8) 71(2.4) 78(2.6)

Table 5

Prevalence of probing depth≥4 mm in different teethn(%)"

探诊深度≥4 mm 第二磨牙 第一磨牙 第二前磨牙 第一前磨牙 尖牙 侧切牙 中切牙
上颌 77(5.1) 181(12.1) 48(3.2) 47(3.1) 42(2.8) 40(2.7) 31(2.1)
下颌 75(5.0) 192(12.8) 56(3.7) 44(2.9) 23(1.5) 37(2.5) 60(4.0)
合计 152(5.1) 373(12.4) 104(3.5) 91(3.0) 65(2.2) 77(2.6) 91(3.0)
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