Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (12): 794-797.doi: 10.12016/j.issn.2096-1456.2017.12.009

• Prevention and Treatment Practice • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Prevalence of malocclusion in deciduous teeth among preschool children in Kunming

Chunming HUANG(), Yanhua XU, Guiyue HUANG()   

  1. Qiaolian Modern dental Clinic, Kunming 650000, China
  • Received:2016-12-01 Revised:2017-07-19 Online:2017-01-04 Published:2018-09-03

Abstract:

Objective To investigate the prevalence of malocclusion in primary dentition among preschool children in Kunming. To analysze the relationship between malocclusion and oral bad habits, genetic factors and the caries prevalence in preschool children. Methods According to economic conditions and distribution area of Kunming school, a total of 2 116 preschool children from nine kindergarten in Kunming city were surveyed. Oral examniation of 2 116 preschool children were conducted by trained dentists to investigate the prevalence of malocclusion and the prevalence of dental caries in Kunming. A self-designed questionnaire was used to investigate the oral habits and genetic factors of the children in the study and to analyze the correlation between malocclusion and oral bad habits, genetic factors and caries rate of deciduous teeth. Results Among the 2 116 preschool children examined, 1 516 were malocclusion, the prevalence of malocclusion was 71.64%, and the rate of dental caries was 63.50%. Bad habits and genetic factors were the risk factors of malocclusion, and there was no statistical difference in the prevalence of malocclusion between the tested children and those with or without caries. Conclusion The prevalence of malocclusion in the preschool children in Kunming city is high. The dentist is required to do the work of preventing bad habits. Parents need to improve the awareness of oral health care, together to do the early diagnosis of malocclusion, early diagnosis, early treatment.

Key words: Malocclusion, Primary dentition, Prevalence, Questionnaire survey, Oral bad habbits

CLC Number: 

  • R783.5

Table 1

Prevalence of malocclusion among 2 116 preschool children’s primary dentition"

性别 人数 正常牙合 错牙合 患病率(%)
1 124 356 768 68.33
992 244 748 75.40
合计 2 116 600 1 516 71.64

Table 2

The correlation between oral bad habits, genetic factors and the malocclusion"

项目 有错牙合
畸形(%)
无错牙合
畸形(%)
OR值
有不良习惯 1 053(69.43) 183(30.57) 5.18
无不良习惯 463(28.00) 417(72.00)
小计 1 516 600
有遗传因素 1 382(90.7) 480(99.60) 2.57
无遗传因素 134(9.30) 120(0.4)
小计 1 516 600

Table 3

Caries incidence survey results"

性别 受检人数 患龋人数 患龋率(%)
1 023 732 71.55
1 093 606 55.45
合计 2 116 1 338 63.50

Table 4

Caries incidence and the malocclusion among 2 116 preschool children"

龋病 有错牙合畸形(%) 无错牙合畸形(%) 合计
870(57.39) 468(78) 1 338
646(42.61) 132(22) 778
合计 1 516 600 2 116
[1] 傅民魁. 口腔正畸学[M]. 6版. 北京: 人民卫生出版社, 2014: 1.
[2] 徐宝华. 现代临床口腔正畸学[M]. 北京: 人民卫生出版社, 1996: 270-343.
[3] 张侬, 刘贵敏, 陈周唤, 等. 社会因素和祖辈口腔健康行为对儿童龋病发生的影响[J]. 中国妇幼保健, 2009, 24(21): 2950-2952.
[4] 姜平. 儿童口腔不良习惯导致错牙合畸形预防措施[J]. 中外健康文摘, 2008, 6: 158.
[5] 王楠. 1 284例儿童口腔不良习惯调查分析[J]. 中国医药导刊, 2013, 10(2): 7915-7916.
[6] 施伟文. 口腔不良习惯与错颌畸形关系的相关性研究[J]. 当代医学, 2011, 17(11): 62-63.
[7] 陈利民, 张美兰, 宫尚红. 1 214名学龄前儿童口腔不良习惯与心理状态的调查[J]. 中国妇幼保健, 2011, 26(31): 4894-4895.
[8] Harari D, Redlich M, Miri S, et al.The effect of mouth breathing versus nasal breathing on dentofacial and craniofacial development in orthodontic patients[J]. The Laryngoscope, 2010, 120(10): 2089-2093.
[9] Ellen Wen-Cbing Ko, Chiung Shing, Huang, et al. Longitudinal observation of mandibular motion pattern in patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion subsequent to orthognathic surgery[J]. J Oral Maxillofac Surg, 2012, 70(2): e158-e168.
[10] 罗立伟. 2 217例儿童口腔不良习惯调查分析[J]. 当代医学, 2009, 15(36): 88-89.
[11] Cheifetz AT, Osganian SK, Allred EN, et al.Prevalence of bruxism and associated correlates in children as reported by parents[J]. J Dent Child, 2005, 72: 67-73.
[12] 姜若萍, 傅民魁. 安氏Ⅱ类1分类错牙合患者亲子间相似性的个体研究[J]. 中华口腔医学杂志, 2001, 36(2): 143-168.
[13] Suzuki A, Takahama Y.A cephalometric study on the similarity of craniofacial morphology between children and their parents[J]. Nippon Kyosei Shika Gakkai Zasshi, 1988, 47(4): 697-719.
[14] Manfredi C, Martina R, Gross GB, et al.Heritability of 39 orthodontic cephalometric parameters on MZ, DZ twins and MN-paired singletons[J]. Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 1997, 112(3): 17A-21A.
[15] 姜若萍, 傅民魁. 安氏Ⅱ类1分类错牙合患者亲子间相似性的个体研究[J]. 中华口腔医学杂志, 2001, 36(2): 143-145.
[16] 彭静, 邓辉, 曹采方. 6~12岁女童头影测量中颅面形态遗传作用的纵向分析[J]. 中华口腔医学研究杂志(电子版), 2009, 3(3): 37-42.
[17] 王爽, 丰培勋, 陈曦等. 骨性安氏Ⅲ 类错牙合的家族聚集性研究[J]. 临床口腔医学杂志, 2012, 28(10): 48-50.
[18] Dhar V, Jain A, Van Dyke TE, et al.Prevalence of gingival diseases, malocclusion and uorosis in school-going children of rural areas in Udaipur district[J]. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent, 2007, 25(2): 103-105.
[19] 傅民魁, 张丁, 王邦康.中国25392名儿童与青少年错颌畸形患病率的调查[J]. 口腔正畸学杂志, 2002, 4: 151-153.
[20] 齐小秋. 第三次全国口腔健康流行病学调查报告[M]. 北京: 人民卫生出版社, 2008: 11-13.
[21] 周庆, 刘娟, 张灿华, 等. 昆明市儿童龋病和氟牙症流行状况调查[J]. 华西口腔医学杂志, 2011, 29(5): 514-516.
[1] CHEN Qiaoyun,PENG Youjian. CBCT study of three-dimensional morphological characteristics of upper airway in children and adolescents with skeletal class Ⅲ malocclusion [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2019, 27(3): 172-177.
[2] YANG Pingzhu,WEN Xiujie,NIE Xin,ZHAO Qian,WANG Yingying,ZENG Qiuyun,ZHU Lin,Li Jun. Finite element analysis of torque control efficiency of a homemade four-curved auxiliary arch for anterior teeth [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2019, 27(3): 178-184.
[3] Yumeng ZHONG,Dong CHEN,Chang XIE,Zhiyun LU. Study on the role of knowledge, attitude/belief, and practice (KAP) nursing mode in treating patients with fixed orthodontic appliances [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2018, 26(9): 598-600.
[4] Tao CUI, Yuqing DU, Yu SONG, Zhitao SUN, Fengchun HOU, Yanling YU. Cone-beam computed tomography study of condyle position in high-angle adult female patients with different sagittal skeletal malocclusion [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2018, 26(3): 180-183.
[5] LI Jiankai,LI Jianbo,LI Jingyi,HUANG Shaohong. Survey report on oral health knowledge among 35-44-year-old individuals in Guangdong Province (2015-2016) [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2018, 26(12): 791-794.
[6] Feng WU, Junfang LI, Heping LIN, Zhen WANG. The effect of unilateral Forsus appliance in the treatment of ClassⅡmalocclusion subdivision [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2017, 25(9): 590-595.
[7] Siyuan WU, Shaoqin TU, Zengquan WANG, Yilong AI. Application of RW-splint in clinical diagnosis of classⅡ1 malocclusion patients [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2017, 25(7): 454-457.
[8] Anyi CAO, Lan JIAO, Fang CAO, Zhen WANG, Xiao YANG, Hongshan GE. Relationship between depth of the curve of Spee and dentalfacial morphology in Angle Class Ⅱ maloclusion patients [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2017, 25(6): 385-388.
[9] Yin LIU, Xue-qi LI, Yu CHEN, Yang CAO. Three dimensional measurement study of the correlation between the mandibular Bonwill-Hawley arch form and base bone arch shape in ClassⅠmalocclusion patients [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2017, 25(5): 300-304.
[10] Xue-fei YU, Nuo ZHOU. Correlation analysis of facial profile in patients with skeletal Class Ⅱ malocclusion and changes of hard and soft tissue after orthodontic treatment combined with orthognathic surgery [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2017, 25(4): 211-215.
[11] Min CHENG,Ting-ting CHEN,Jian-wei CHEN,Xiang CHEN,Qiang ZHANG. Research on clinical application of two different eruption blocking appliances [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2016, 24(7): 420-423.
[12] LIU Ai-qing,ZHANG Ji-dong,MIAO Yu,YUAN- qiang. Measurement of labial alveolar bone thickness of Angle ClassⅡDivision 2 patients in maxillary anterior region with cone-beam CT [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2016, 24(11): 651-655.
[13] WENG Jia-hua,WANG Da-wei. Clinical research of upper incisor brackets upsidedown in patients with skeletal Class Ⅲ malocclusion [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases, 2016, 24(11): 665-670.
[14] YI Juan, LI hui, YE Weng-san-jie. Cephalometric analysis of casting fixed Twin-block appliance in the treatment of Class Ⅱ Division 1 malocclusion [J]. Journal of Prevention and Treatment For Stomatological Diseases, 2016, 24(11): 656-660.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
No Suggested Reading articles found!
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.